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Counting in Latin

Enter a number and get it written in full in Latin.

Language overview

Latin, also known as Roman, is an Italic language originally spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome, from II BC to II AD, then through the Middle Ages. Extinct language to the extend it has no native speaker, Latin is still one of Vatican City co-official languages (alongside with French, German and Italian).
Due to lack of data, we can only count accurately up to 9,999 in Latin. Please contact us if you can help us counting up from that limit.

The Roman numeration

The Roman numbers are formed from seven letters or symbols: Ⅰ (1), Ⅴ (5), Ⅹ (10), Ⅼ (50), Ⅽ (100), Ⅾ (500), and Ⅿ (1,000). Used in ancient Rome and during the Middle Ages, they allow to count up to 4,999 through a both additive and subtractive system. To form a number, we add the symbols from left to right until we get three identical symbols (this is the additive part: Ⅰ, ⅠⅠ, ⅠⅠⅠ, ⅩⅩⅠⅠ), then we place on the left side of the bigger symbol the number to subtract (this is the subtractive part: ⅠⅤ, ⅠⅩ, ⅩⅭ). The same symbol cannot be used more than three times in a row, except for Ⅿ (ⅯⅯⅯⅯ is 4,000). Unlike the decimal system, it is an additive system where each symbol has its own value, independent of where it is placed.

Latin numbering rules

  • Numbers from zero to ten are specific words, namely nulla [0], unus/una/unum (m/f/n) [1], duo/duae/duo (m/f/n) [2], tres/tres/tria (m/f/n) [3], quattuor [4], quinque [5], sex [6], septem [7], octo [8], novem [9], and decem [10].
  • From eleven to seventeen, numbers are formed from the root of the digit followed by ten: undecim [11], duodecim [12], tredecim [13], quattuordecim [14], quindecim [15], sedecim [16], and septendecim [17]. Eighteen and nineteen are formed on a subtracting manner: duodeviginti [18] (literally two from twenty), and undeviginti [19] (one from twenty).
  • The tens have specific names based on the matching digit root except for ten and twenty: decem [10], viginti [20], trentrigintata [30], quadraginta [40], quinquaginta [50], sexaginta [60], septuaginta [70], octoginta [80], and nonaginta [90].
  • Compound numbers are formed by setting the ten, then the unit, separated with a space when the unit digit goes from one to seven, following the additive structure (e.g.: viginti unus [21], triginta duo [32]). When a compound number ends with eight or nine, the additive structure (ten plus unit) is replaced by the subtracting structure (next ten minus unit), with no space (e.g.: duodequinquaginta [48] (literally two from fifty), undesexaginta [59] (one from sixty), nonaginta octo [98] (which is an exception to the rule), undecentum [99] (one from one hundred)).
  • The hundreds are formed by prefixing the word hundred by the multiplier digit root, except for one hundred: centum [100], ducenti [200], trecenti [300], quadringenti [400], quingenti [500], sescenti [600], septingenti [700], octingenti [800], and nongenti [900].
  • Thousands are formed by prefixing the word thousand by the multiplier digit, except for one thousand: mille [1,000] (plural milia), duo milia [2,000], tria milia [3,000] (using the neuter from of three), quattuor milia [4,000], quinque milia [5,000]… In singular, the word mille is an indeclinable adjective, but in plural, this is a noun following the third declension neuter i-stem.

Books

A Latin GrammarA Latin Grammar
by , editors Oxford University Press (2000)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Essential LatinEssential Latin
by , editors Routledge (1999)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com, Kindle - Amazon.com Kindle - Amazon.com]

Gramatica latinaGramatica latina
editors Editorial Porrua (2008)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Gramatica de la lengua latinaGramatica de la lengua latina
by , editors Nabu Press (2010)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Grammaire latine complèteGrammaire latine complète
by , editors Eyrolles (2010)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Grammaire latineGrammaire latine
by , editors Nathan (1991)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Gramática de LatimGramática de Latim
by , editors Presença (2000)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Numbers list

1 – unus
2 – duo
3 – tres
4 – quattuor
5 – quinque
6 – sex
7 – septem
8 – octo
9 – novem
10 – decem
11 – undecim
12 – duodecim
13 – tredecim
14 – quattuordecim
15 – quindecim
16 – sedecim
17 – septendecim
18 – duodeviginti
19 – undeviginti
20 – viginti
30 – triginta
40 – quadraginta
50 – quinquaginta
60 – sexaginta
70 – septuaginta
80 – octoginta
90 – nonaginta
100 – centum
1,000 – mille

Romance languages

Asturian, Catalan, Corsican, Eonavian, French, French (Belgium), French (Switzerland), Friulian, Galician, Italian, Jèrriais, Ladin, Latin, Lombard (Milanese), Occitan, Portuguese (Brazil), Portuguese (Portugal), Romansh, Sardinian, Spanish, Spanish (Puerto Rico), and Venetian.

Other supported languages

Supported languages by families
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