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Counting in Spanish

Language overview

Forty-two in Spanish Spanish (español, also known as Castilian, or castellano) is a romance language (more specifically in the Ibero-Romance group) from the indo-european family. Official language in 21 countries, including Spain, Mexico, Colombia and Argentine, it counts about 330 million speakers (of which 40 million in Spain alone).

Spanish numbers list

  • 1 – uno
  • 2 – dos
  • 3 – tres
  • 4 – cuatro
  • 5 – cinco
  • 6 – seis
  • 7 – siete
  • 8 – ocho
  • 9 – nueve
  • 10 – diez
  • 11 – once
  • 12 – doce
  • 13 – trece
  • 14 – catorce
  • 15 – quince
  • 16 – dieciséis
  • 17 – diecisiete
  • 18 – dieciocho
  • 19 – diecinueve
  • 20 – veinte
  • 30 – treinta
  • 40 – cuarenta
  • 50 – cincuenta
  • 60 – sesenta
  • 70 – setenta
  • 80 – ochenta
  • 90 – noventa
  • 100 – cien
  • 1,000 – mil
  • one million – un millón
  • one billion – mil millones
  • one trillion – un billón

Spanish numbering rules

  • Digits and numbers from zero to fifteen are specific words, namely cero [0], uno [1] (which is apocoped in un before a vowel, and has a feminine form: una), dos [2], tres [3], cuatro [4], cinco [5], seis [6], siete [7], ocho [8], nueve [9], diez [10], once [11], doce [12], trece [13], catorce [14], quince [15]. Sixteen to twenty-nine are regular numbers, i.e. named after the ten (or the twenty) and the digit. Diez y seis [10 and 6] is phonetically shortened with an apocope as dieciséis. The same applies up to twenty-nine: diecisiete [10 and 7], dieciocho [10 and 8]… veintinueve [20 and 9].
  • The tens have specific names based on their multiplier digit root except for ten and twenty: diez [10], veinte [20], treinta [30], cuarenta [40], cincuenta [50], sesenta [60], setenta [70], ochenta [80], and noventa [90].
  • The same applies for the hundreds where one word is created by removing the space between the multiplier and the hundred word: cien [100] (plural cientos), doscientos [200], trescientos [300], cuatrocientos [400], quinientos [500], seiscientos [600], setecientos [700], ochocientos [800], and novecientos [900].
  • Tens and units are linked with y (and), as in treinta y cinco [35].
  • The word for thousand is mil. Thousands are formed by stating the multiplier digit before it, except for one thousand itself: mil [1,000], dos mil [2,000], tres mil [3,000], cuatro mil [4,000], cinco mil [5,000]…
  • The Spanish language uses the long scale system in which we alternate between a scale word and its thousand. Thus, we have millón (106, million), mil millones (109, billion), billón (1012, trillion), mil billones (1015, quadrillion), trillón (1018, quintillion), mil trillones (1021, sextillion)… The only (local) exception to this rule is the Spanish spoken in Puerto Rico where the short scale is in use. In Puerto Rico, un billón is 109 (equivalent to the US billion).

Write a number in full in Spanish

Enter a number and get it written in full in Spanish.

Books

Schaum’s Outline of Spanish Grammar, 5ed Schaum’s Outline of Spanish Grammar, 5ed
by , editors McGraw-Hill (2008)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com, Kindle - Amazon.com Kindle - Amazon.com]

Spanish Grammar Spanish Grammar
by , editors Barron’s Educational Series (2001)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

A Comprehensive Spanish Grammar A Comprehensive Spanish Grammar
by , editors Wiley-Blackwell (1996)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Nueva gramática de la Lengua Española Nueva gramática de la Lengua Española
by , editors Espasa Calpe (2010)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Competencia gramatical en USO A1 Competencia gramatical en USO A1
editors Edelsa (2010)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Diccionario panhispánico de dudas Diccionario panhispánico de dudas
by , editors Real Academia Española (2005)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Perdón, imposible. Guía para una puntuación más rica y consciente Perdón, imposible. Guía para una puntuación más rica y consciente
by , editors RBA Libros (2005)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Les Idiomatics : Français-espagnol Les Idiomatics : Français-espagnol
by , editors Seuil (2003)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Grammaire de l’espagnol Grammaire de l’espagnol
by , editors Nathan (1999)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Bescherelle Grammaire Espagnole Bescherelle Grammaire Espagnole
by , editors Hatier (1998)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Parlons espagnol : langue et culture Parlons espagnol : langue et culture
by , editors L’Harmattan (1997)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Gramática Essencial de Espanhol Gramática Essencial de Espanhol
by , editors Presença (2008)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

book2 português - espanhol para principiantes book2 português - espanhol para principiantes
by , editors CreateSpace (2010)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Sources

Romance languages

Asturian, Catalan, Corsican, Eonavian, French, Friulian, Galician, Italian, Jèrriais, Ladin, Latin, Lombard (Milanese), Occitan, Portuguese (Brazil), Portuguese (Portugal), Romansh, Sardinian, Spanish, and Venetian.

Other supported languages

As the other currently supported languages are too numerous to list extensively here, please select a language from the full list of supported languages.

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