Counting in Pandunia
Pandunia is a constructed international auxiliary language created by the Finn Risto Kupsala since 2005. Used by about a hundred speakers on social networks, notably Reddit and Telegram, its grammar has been fixed since May 2019. Its lexicon is based on a selection of the 15 most widely spoken languages, the endings of words marking their grammatical category.
Pandunia numbers list
- 1 – un
- 2 – dul
- 3 – tin
- 4 – car
- 5 – lim
- 6 – sis
- 7 – sem
- 8 – bal
- 9 – naw
- 10 – des
- 11 – un un
- 12 – un dul
- 13 – un tin
- 14 – un car
- 15 – un lim
- 16 – un sis
- 17 – un sem
- 18 – un bal
- 19 – un naw
- 20 – dul nol
- 30 – tin nol
- 40 – car nol
- 50 – lim nol
- 60 – sis nol
- 70 – sem nol
- 80 – bal nol
- 90 – naw nol
- 100 – hon
- 1,000 – kil
- one million – megi
- one billion – gigi
- one trillion – teri
Lexical sources of Pandunia
For all words that do not belong to a given geographical area or culture, the Pandunia vocabulary is based on a certain number of rules for its creation, from the vocabulary of 15 different languages, namely English, French, Spanish, Portuguese, Russian, Arabic, Mandarin, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, Hindi, Urdu, Bengali, Malaysian, and Swahili. These sources can be traced back in the numbers names:
- nol (0): ноль / nol’ (Russian), nol (Malaysian), null (English)
- un (1): un (French), uno (Spanish), um (Portuguese)
- tin (3): तीन / tīn (Hindi), তিন / tin (Bengali), tīn (Urdu)
- sem (6): семь / sem’ (Russian)
- bal (8): 八 / bā (Mandarin), 팔 / pal (Korean)
- naw (9): नौ / nau (Hindi), nau (Urdu)
Pandunia numbering rules
Now that you’ve had a gist of the most useful numbers, let’s move to the writing rules for the tens, the compound numbers, and why not the hundreds, the thousands and beyond (if possible).
- Digits from zero to nine are rendered by specific words: nol , un , dul , tin , car , lim , sis , sem , bal , and naw .
- The tens are formed by first indicating the multiplier digit, then the word for zero, which corresponds to the positional notation (the multiplier, then zero), with the exception of ten which can also be written with a single word when alone: un nol or des , dul nol , tin nol , car nol , lim nol , sis nol , sem nol , bal nol , and naw nol .
- Compound numbers are formed starting with the ten multiplier, then the unit separated with a space (e.g.: un dul , bal sis ).
- Hundreds are formed starting with the multiplier before the word for hundred (hon), separated with a space, except for one hundred: hon , dul hon , tin hon , car hon , lim hon , sis hon , sem hon , bal hon , and naw hon .
- Thousands are formed starting with the multiplier before the word for thousand (kil), separated with a space, except for one thousand: kil [1,000], dul kil [2,000], tin kil [3,000], car kil [4,000], lim kil [5,000], sis kil [6,000], sem kil [7,000], bal kil [8,000], and naw kil [9,000].
- The powers of ten from one million on use the prefixes of the International System of Units and ends with -i, the adjective marker: megi (million, 106), gigi (billion, 109), teri (trillion, 1012), peti (quadrillion, 1015), eksi (quintillion, 1018)…
Write a number in full in Pandunia
Let’s move now to the practice of the numbering rules in Pandunia. Will you guess how to write a number in full? Enter a number and try to write it down in your head, or maybe on a piece of paper, before displaying the result.
Babm, Bolak, Digisk Folkspraak, Esperanto, Folkspraak, Globasa, Glosa, Guosa, Idiom neutral, Ido, Intal, Interlingua, Interlingue, Interslavic, Kotava, Langue nouvelle, Latino sine flexione, Lingua Franca Nova, Lingwa de planeta, Mondial, Mondlango, Pandunia, Ro, Romanid, Slovio, Solresol, Sona, Spokil, Tutonish, Universalglot, Uropi, and Volapük.
Other supported languages
As the other currently supported languages are too numerous to list extensively here, please select a language from the full list of supported languages.