Counting in English
West Germanic language of the Indo-European family, English is the official language of 53 countries, of which the USA, Great-Britain, Australia and Canada. It counts about 400 million speakers as first language.
English numbers list
- 1 – one
- 2 – two
- 3 – three
- 4 – four
- 5 – five
- 6 – six
- 7 – seven
- 8 – eight
- 9 – nine
- 10 – ten
- 11 – eleven
- 12 – twelve
- 13 – thirteen
- 14 – fourteen
- 15 – fifteen
- 16 – sixteen
- 17 – seventeen
- 18 – eighteen
- 19 – nineteen
- 20 – twenty
- 30 – thirty
- 40 – forty
- 50 – fifty
- 60 – sixty
- 70 – seventy
- 80 – eighty
- 90 – ninety
- 100 – one hundred
- 1,000 – one thousand
- one million – one million
- one billion – one billion
- one trillion – one trillion
English numbering rules
Now that you’ve had a gist of the most useful numbers, let’s move to the writing rules for the tens, the compound numbers, and why not the hundreds, the thousands and beyond (if possible).
- Digits from zero to nine are specific words, as well as numbers from ten to twelve, namely zero , one , two , three , four , five , six , seven , eight , nine , ten , eleven , and twelve .
- From thirteen to nineteen, the numbers are formed from the digits three to nine, adding the -teen suffix at the end: thirteen , fourteen , fifteen , sixteen , seventeen , eighteen , and nineteen .
- The tens are formed by adding the -(t)y suffix at the end of the multiplier digit root, with the exception of ten: ten , twenty , thirty , forty  (and not fourty), fifty , sixty , seventy , eighty , and ninety .
- From twenty-one to ninety-nine, the tens and units are joined with a hyphen.
- All the three-digit numbers are constructed by stating the hundreds, then adding the and word, then the tens and the digits (e.g.: two hundred and sixty-five ). Using the coordination and is a matter of choice, as whereas some writers prefer using it, The Chicago Manual of Style’s preference is to omit it.
- Hundred (100), thousand (1,000) and million (1,000,000) are always singular (e.g.: six hundred and thirty-five ).
- When directly added to hundred and thousand, the and word is added before tens and units (e.g.: seven hundred and three , or five thousand and two [5,002]).
Write a number in full in English
Let’s move now to the practice of the numbering rules in English. Will you guess how to write a number in full? Enter a number and try to write it down in your head, or maybe on a piece of paper, before displaying the result.
The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th Edition
editors University Of Chicago Press (2010)
A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language
by Quirk, Randolph, & Others, editors Longman (1985)
Inglės Completo: Repaso Integral de Gramática Inglesa Para Hispanohablantes
by Theodore Kendris, editors Barron’s Educational Series (2008)
Harrap’s Grammaire anglaise
editors Harrap (2010)
Bescherelle La Grammaire Anglaise
editors Hatier (2001)
Les Idiomatics : Français-anglais
by Nestor Salas, editors Seuil (1994)
West Germanic languages
Afrikaans, Alsatian, Bavarian, English, German, Gottscheerish, Hunsrik, Luxembourgish, North Frisian, Pennsylvania German, Plautdietsch, Saterland Frisian, Swiss German, West Frisian, Wymysorys, and Yiddish.
Other supported languages
As the other currently supported languages are too numerous to list extensively here, please select a language from the full list of supported languages.