Counting in English
West Germanic language of the Indo-European family, English is the official language of 53 countries, of which the USA, Great-Britain, Australia and Canada. It counts about 400 million speakers as first language.
English numbers list
- 1 – one
- 2 – two
- 3 – three
- 4 – four
- 5 – five
- 6 – six
- 7 – seven
- 8 – eight
- 9 – nine
- 10 – ten
- 11 – eleven
- 12 – twelve
- 13 – thirteen
- 14 – fourteen
- 15 – fifteen
- 16 – sixteen
- 17 – seventeen
- 18 – eighteen
- 19 – nineteen
- 20 – twenty
- 30 – thirty
- 40 – forty
- 50 – fifty
- 60 – sixty
- 70 – seventy
- 80 – eighty
- 90 – ninety
- 100 – one hundred
- 1,000 – one thousand
- one million – one million
- one billion – one billion
- one trillion – one trillion
English numbering rules
Now that you’ve had a gist of the most useful numbers, let’s move to the writing rules for the tens, the compound numbers, and why not the hundreds, the thousands and beyond (if possible).
- Digits from zero to nine are specific words, as well as numbers from ten to twelve, namely zero , one , two , three , four , five , six , seven , eight , nine , ten , eleven , and twelve .
- From thirteen to nineteen, the numbers are formed from the digits three to nine, adding the -teen suffix at the end: thirteen , fourteen , fifteen , sixteen , seventeen , eighteen , and nineteen .
- The tens are formed by adding the -(t)y suffix at the end of the multiplier digit root, with the exception of ten: ten , twenty , thirty , forty  (and not fourty), fifty , sixty , seventy , eighty , and ninety .
- From twenty-one to ninety-nine, the tens and units are joined with a hyphen.
- All the three-digit numbers are constructed by stating the hundreds, then adding the and word, then the tens and the digits (e.g.: two hundred and sixty-five ). Using the coordination and is a matter of choice, as whereas some writers prefer using it, The Chicago Manual of Style’s preference is to omit it.
- Hundred (100), thousand (1,000) and million (1,000,000) are always singular (e.g.: six hundred and thirty-five ).
- When directly added to hundred and thousand, the and word is added before tens and units (e.g.: seven hundred and three , or five thousand and two [5,002]).
Write a number in full in English
Let’s move now to the practice of the numbering rules in English. Will you guess how to write a number in full? Enter a number and try to write it down in your head, or maybe on a piece of paper, before displaying the result.
The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th Edition
editors University Of Chicago Press (2010)
A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language
by Quirk, Randolph, & Others, editors Longman (1985)
Inglės Completo: Repaso Integral de Gramática Inglesa Para Hispanohablantes
by Theodore Kendris, editors Barron’s Educational Series (2008)
Harrap’s Grammaire anglaise
editors Harrap (2010)
Bescherelle La Grammaire Anglaise
editors Hatier (2001)
Les Idiomatics : Français-anglais
by Nestor Salas, editors Seuil (1994)
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