Share:  

Counting in Copala Triqui

Language overview

Forty-two in Copala Triqui The Copala Triqui language (xna’ánj nu̱’) is a Trique language that belongs to the Mixtecan branch of the Oto-Manguean language family. Spoken around the town of San Juan Copala, Oaxaca, Mexico by about 30,000 speakers, it is closely related to other Triqui languages spoken in the Mexican states of Oaxaca and Baja California.

Copala Triqui numbers list

  • 1 – hngòoj
  • 2 – wwìi
  • 3 – wàhnin
  • 4 – gàhan
  • 5 – ùhunj
  • 6 – wàtanj
  • 7 – txìj
  • 8 – tìnj
  • 9 – hìn
  • 10 – txìh
  • 11 – xàn
  • 12 – xùwìj
  • 13 – xàhnìnj
  • 14 – xìgàhanj
  • 15 – xìnùnh
  • 16 – xìnùnh yàn
  • 17 – xìnùnh wwìj
  • 18 – xìnùnh wàhnìnj
  • 19 – xìnùnh gàhanj
  • 20 – kò
  • 30 – kò txìh
  • 40 – wìj xxìyà
  • 50 – wwìj xxìyà txìh
  • 60 – wàhnìnj xxìyà
  • 70 – wàhnìnj xxìyà txìh
  • 80 – gàhanj xxìyà
  • 90 – gàhanj xxìyà txìh
  • 100 – hngò syéntu
  • 1,000 – hngò mín
  • one million – hngò mìxún

Copala Triqui numbering rules

Now that you’ve had a gist of the most useful numbers, let’s move to the writing rules for the tens, the compound numbers, and why not the hundreds, the thousands and beyond (if possible).

  • Digits from one to nine are rendered by specific words, namely hngòoj [1] (or hngò, yàn when compound), wwìi [2], wàhnin [3], gàhan [4], ùhunj [5], wàtanj [6], txìj [7], tìnj [8], and hìn [9].
  • Tens follow a vigesimal system (base 20), using the word xxìyà for twenty in compound numbers from forty: txìh [10], [20], kò txìh [30] (20+10), wìj xxìyà [40] (2*20), wwìj xxìyà txìh [50] (2*20+10), wàhnìnj xxìyà [60] (3*20), wàhnìnj xxìyà txìh [70] (3*20+10), gàhanj xxìyà [80] (4*20), and gàhanj xxìyà txìh [90] (4*20+10).
  • Numbers from eleven to fifteen are formed from the word for ten (txìh) and the word for the unit: xàn [11], xùwìj [12], xàhnìnj [13], xìgàhanj [14], and xìnùnh [15]. Sixteen to nineteen are formed based on the fifteen: xìnùnh yàn [16] (15+1), xìnùnh wwìj [17] (15+2), xìnùnh wàhnìnj [18] (15+3), and xìnùnh gàhanj [19] (15+4).
  • Compound numbers are formed setting the ten, then the unit separated with a space if the ten is a multiple of twenty (20, 40, 60, 80): kò gàhanj [24], gàhanj xxìyà wàhnìnj [83]. They are formed setting the previous multiple of twenty then the number from eleven to nineteen separated with a space if the ten is not a multiple of twenty (30, 50, 70, 90): kò xìnùnh yàn [36] (20+16), wwìj xxìyà xìnùnh wàhnìnj [58] (2*20+18).
  • Hundreds are formed starting with the multiplier digit followed by the word for hundred (syéntu), loanword from the Spanish ciento: hngò syéntu [100], wwìj syéntu [200], wàhnin syéntu [300], gàhan syéntu [400], ùhunj syéntu [500], wàtanj syéntu [600], txìj syéntu [700], tìnj syéntu [800], and hìn syéntu [900].
  • Thousands are formed starting with the multiplier digit followed by the word for thousand (mín), loanword from the Spanish mil: hngò mín [1,000], wwìj mín [2,000], wàhnin mín [3,000], gàhan mín [4,000], ùhunj mín [5,000], wàtanj mín [6,000], txìj mín [7,000], tìnj mín [8,000], and hìn mín [9,000].
  • When compound, each element of big numbers are linked with the verb taá, meaning being on top, in addition (e.g.: wwìj syéntu taá txìh [210], wàhnin mín taá ùhunj syéntu taá wàhnìnj xxìyà gàhanj [3,564]).
  • The word for million is mìxún [1,000,000], loanword from the Spanish millón.

Write a number in full in Copala Triqui

Let’s move now to the practice of the numbering rules in Copala Triqui. Will you guess how to write a number in full? Enter a number and try to write it down in your head, or maybe on a piece of paper, before displaying the result.

Books

Los Triquis de San Juan Copala Los Triquis de San Juan Copala
by , editors Epifanio Díaz Sarabia (2009)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Gramática Popular del Triqui de Copala Gramática Popular del Triqui de Copala
by , editors Instituto Lingüístico de Verano (2008)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Sources

Oto-Manguean languages

Aloápam Zapotec, Choapan Zapotec, Copala Triqui, Isthmus Zapotec, Lachixío Zapotec, and Santa Ana Yareni Zapotec.

Other supported languages

As the other currently supported languages are too numerous to list extensively here, please select a language from the full list of supported languages.

This site uses cookies for statistical and advertising purposes. By using this site, you accept the use of cookies.