# Counting in Aloápam Zapotec

## Language overview

Aloápam Zapotec is a Zapotecan language from the Oto-Manguean languages family spoken around San Miguel Aloápam and San Isidro Aloápam, in the Mexican state of Oaxaca, by about 3,400 speakers.

Due to lack of data, we can only count accurately up to 999 in Aloápam Zapotec. Please contact me if you can help me counting up from that limit.

## Aloápam Zapotec numbers list

- 1 – ttubi
- 2 – chupa
- 3 – tsunna
- 4 – ttapa
- 5 – gayu
- 6 – xxupa
- 7 – gasi
- 8 – xxunu
- 9 – jaa
- 10 – tsii
- 11 – sinia
- 12 – tsi’inu
- 13 – tsi’intsagüi
- 14 – sitá
- 15 – tsinu
- 16 – sixupa
- 17 – tsini
- 18 – sixunu
- 19 – chennia
- 20 – galhia
- 30 – rerua
- 40 – chua
- 50 – medi gayua
- 60 – gayuna
- 70 – gayuna yu’u tsii
- 80 – ta
- 90 – ta yu’u tsii
- 100 – ttu gayua

## Aloápam Zapotec numbering rules

Now that you’ve had a gist of the most useful numbers, let’s move to the writing rules for the tens, the compound numbers, and why not the hundreds, the thousands and beyond (if possible).

- Digits from one to nine are specific words:
*ttubi*[1],*chupa*[2],*tsunna*[3],*ttapa*[4],*gayu*[5],*xxupa*[6],*gasi*[7],*xxunu*[8], and*jaa*[9]. - Numbers from ten to nineteen are specific words too:
*tsii*[10],*sinia*[11],*tsi’inu*[12],*tsi’intsagüi*[13],*sitá*[14],*tsinu*[15],*sixupa*[16],*tsini*[17],*sixunu*[18], and*chennia*[19]. We can however recognize in some of them the word for ten (*tsii*) followed by the unit (e.g.:*sixunu*[18] is a contraction of*tsii*[10] and*xxunu*[8]). - The word for twenty is
*galhia*. Numbers from twenty-one to twenty-nine are formed by adding the suffix*-erua*to the digit root:*ttuerua*[21],*chuperua*[22],*tsunerua*[23],*ttaperua*[24],*gayuerua*[25],*xxuperua*[26],*gasierua*[27],*xxunuerua*[28], and*jaerua*[29]. - The word for thirty is
*rerua*. Numbers from thirty-one to thirty-nine have two forms, depending if they follow the previous vigesimal rule or the new decimal one. In vigesimal, they are formed by adding the suffix*-erua*to the root of the words for eleven to nineteen:*sinierua*[31],*tsi’inuerua*[32],*tsi’intsagüierua*[33],*sittaerua*[34],*tsinuerua*[35],*sixupaerua*[36],*tsinierua*[37],*sixunuerua*[38], and*chenniaerua*[39]. In the decimal system actually used, they follow the numbering rules or regular compound numbers. - Aloápam Zapotec originally used only the vigesimal system. Nowadays, the decimal system is gradually taking its place, hence some tens have different forms if they follow the vigesimal system or the decimal one (seventy and ninety being the last two tens really following the vigesimal rule):
*tsii*[10],*galhia*[20],*rerua*[30],*chua*[40],*medi gayua*[50] (*half-hundred*, previously*chua yu’u tsii*, 50+10),*gayuna*[60] (previously*tsunna galhia*, 3*20),*gayuna yu’u tsii*[70] (60 + 10),*ta*[80] (previously*ttapa galhia*, 4*20), and*ta yu’u tsii*[90] (80 + 10). - Regular compound numbers from thirty-one to sixty-nine, and from eighty-one to eighty-nine, are formed by saying the ten, then the word
*yu’u*(and/plus), and the digit (e.g.:*rerua yu’u chupa*[32],*medi gayua yu’u ttapa*[54],*gayuna yu’u xxupa*[66]). The digit one, when compound, is shortened from*ttubi*to*ttu*(e.g.:*medi gayua yu’u ttu*[51]). Seventies and nineties are formed by adding the words for eleven to nineteen to the previous ten (e.g.:*gayuna yu’u sinia*[71],*ta yu’u sixunu*[98]). - Hundreds are formed by saying the multiplier digit before the word for hundred (
*gayua*):*ttu gayua*[100] (note the use of the short one,*ttu*),*chupa gayua*[200],*tsunna gayua*[300]… We can note here again the vigesimal system in use: as*gayua*is formed on*gayu*(five), it can be read as the contraction of*five times twenty*.

## Write a number in full in Aloápam Zapotec

Let’s move now to the practice of the numbering rules in Aloápam Zapotec. Will you guess how to write a number in full? Enter a number and try to write it down in your head, or maybe on a piece of paper, before displaying the result.

## Links

- I read numbers (.pdf in Spanish)

## Oto-Manguean languages

Aloápam Zapotec, Choapan Zapotec, Copala Triqui, Isthmus Zapotec, Lachixío Zapotec, Rincón Zapotec, and Santa Ana Yareni Zapotec.

## Other supported languages

As the other currently supported languages are too numerous to list extensively here, please select a language from the full list of supported languages.