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Counting in Tezoatlán Mixtec

Language overview

Forty-two in Tezoatlán Mixtec Tezoatlán Mixtec is a dialect of the Silacayoapan Mixtec, which belongs to the Oto-Manguean language family. It is spoken in the municipality of Tezoatlán, in the mountains of the district of Huajuapan de León in the state of Oaxaca, Mexico. Tezoatlán Mixtec has about 70% mutual intelligibility with other Silacayoapan Mixtecs, and counts about 5,400 native speakers.

Due to lack of data, we can only count accurately up to 9,999 in Tezoatlán Mixtec. Please contact me if you can help me counting up from that limit.

Tezoatlán Mixtec numbers list

  • 1 – iin
  • 2 – uu̱
  • 3 – oni̱
  • 4 – komi̱
  • 5 – o’o̱n
  • 6 – iño̱
  • 7 – usa̱
  • 8 – ona̱
  • 9 – ii̱n
  • 10 – uxi̱
  • 11 – uxi̱ iin
  • 12 – uxi̱ uu̱
  • 13 – uxi̱ oni̱
  • 14 – uxi̱ komi̱
  • 15 – sa’o̱n
  • 16 – sa’o̱n iin
  • 17 – sa’o̱n uu̱
  • 18 – sa’o̱n oni̱
  • 19 – sa’o̱n komi̱
  • 20 – oko̱
  • 30 – oko̱ uxi̱
  • 40 – uu̱ diko
  • 50 – uu̱ diko uxi̱
  • 60 – oni̱ diko
  • 70 – oni̱ diko uxi̱
  • 80 – komi̱ díko
  • 90 – komi̱ díko uxi̱
  • 100 – iin sientó
  • 1,000 – iin míil

Tezoatlán Mixtec numbering rules

Now that you’ve had a gist of the most useful numbers, let’s move to the writing rules for the tens, the compound numbers, and why not the hundreds, the thousands and beyond (if possible).

  • Digits from one to nine are rendered by specific words, namely iin [1], uu̱ [2], oni̱ [3], komi̱ [4], o’o̱n [5], iño̱ [6], usa̱ [7], ona̱ [8], and ii̱n [9].
  • Tezoatlán Mixtec follows a vigesimal system (of base 20), in which multiples of twenty and multiples of ten plus twenty alternates: uxi̱ [10], oko̱ [20], oko̱ uxi̱ [30] (20+10), uu̱ diko [40] (2*20), uu̱ diko uxi̱ [50] (2*20+10), oni̱ diko [60] (3*20), oni̱ diko uxi̱ [70] (3*20+10), komi̱ díko [80] (4*20), and komi̱ díko uxi̱ [90] (4*20+10).
  • Tezoatlán Mixtec also has a sub-base 15. Numbers from eleven to fourteen are formed starting with the word for ten (uxi̱) followed by the unit: uxi̱ iin [11], uxi̱ uu̱ [12], uxi̱ oni̱ [13], and uxi̱ komi̱ [14]. Fifteen has its own word: sa’o̱n [15]. Numbers from sixteen to nineteen are formed starting with the word for fifteen (sa’o̱n) followed by the added unit: sa’o̱n iin [16] (15+1), sa’o̱n uu̱ [17] (15+2), sa’o̱n oni̱ [18] (15+3), and sa’o̱n komi̱ [19] (15+4).
  • Compound numbers where the ten is a multiple of twenty are formed starting with the ten, followed by the unit separated with a space (e.g.: oko̱ usa̱ [27], oni̱ diko ona̱ [68]).
  • Compound numbers where the ten is not a multiple of twenty are formed starting with the previous multiple of twenty, followed by the number from one to nineteen separated with a space (e.g.: oko̱ uxi̱ oni̱ [33], uu̱ diko sa’o̱n [55], oni̱ diko sa’o̱n iin [76]).
  • Hundreds are formed starting with the multiplier unit, followed by the word for hundred (sientó, loanword from the Spanish ciento), separated with a space: iin sientó [100], uu̱ sientó [200], oni̱ sientó [300], komi̱ sientó [400], o’o̱n sientó [500], iño̱ sientó [600], usa̱ sientó [700], ona̱ sientó [800], and ii̱n sientó [900].
  • Thousands are formed starting with the multiplier unit, followed by the word for thousand (míil), separated with a space: iin míil [1,000], uu̱ míil [2,000], oni̱ míil [3,000], komi̱ míil [4,000], míilo’o̱n míil [5,000], iño̱ míil [6,000], usa̱ míil [7,000], ona̱ míil [8,000], and ii̱n míil [9,000].

Write a number in full in Tezoatlán Mixtec

Let’s move now to the practice of the numbering rules in Tezoatlán Mixtec. Will you guess how to write a number in full? Enter a number and try to write it down in your head, or maybe on a piece of paper, before displaying the result.

Books

Gramática popular del mixteco del municipio de Tezoatlán Gramática popular del mixteco del municipio de Tezoatlán
by , editors Instituto Lingüístico de Verano (2006)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Source

  • Gramática popular del mixteco del municipio de Tezoatlán (in Spanish), by Judith Williams, Summer Institute of Linguistics (2006)

Oto-Manguean languages

Aloápam Zapotec, Choapan Zapotec, Copala Triqui, Isthmus Zapotec, Lachixío Zapotec, Rincón Zapotec, Santa Ana Yareni Zapotec, and Tezoatlán Mixtec.

Other supported languages

As the other currently supported languages are too numerous to list extensively here, please select a language from the full list of supported languages.

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