Counting in Mansi

Language overview

Forty-two in Mansi The Mansi languages (маньси) are spoken by the Mansi people, who live along the Ob River in Russia. Although traditionally considered a single language, the different dialects of Mansi are not mutually intelligible, so can be categorised as different languages. They all belong to the Uralic language family. Northern Mansi is spoken on the western tributaries of the Ob river (Lyapin, Sos’va, and Upper Loz’va). It is Northern Mansi that is the basis for the literary Mansi language. All current speakers use Northern Mansi, as the other variants have become extinct. It is a highly endangered language. The census of 2020 gives 2,229 speakers claimed native speakers. Northern Mansi has influences from neighbouring languages, such as Russian, Komi, Nenets and Northern Khanty.

Due to lack of data, we can only count accurately up to 9,999 in Mansi. Please contact me if you can help me counting up from that limit.

Mansi numbers list

  • 1 – аква (akʷa)
  • 2 – китыг (kitɪɣ)
  • 3 – хӯрум (xūrɞ̯m)
  • 4 – нила (nila)
  • 5 – ат (at)
  • 6 – хо̄т (xōt)
  • 7 – са̄т (sāt)
  • 8 – нёлолов (нёлоlow)
  • 9 – онтолов (онтоlow)
  • 10 – лов (low)
  • 11 – аквхуйплов (akʷxujplow)
  • 12 – китхуйплов (kitxujplow)
  • 13 – хӯрумхуйплов (xūrɞ̯mxujplow)
  • 14 – нилахуйплов (nilaxujplow)
  • 15 – атхуйплов (ontolowxujplow)
  • 16 – хо̄тхуйплов (xōtxujplow)
  • 17 – са̄тхуйплов (sātxujplow)
  • 18 – нёлоловхуйплов (nololowxujplow)
  • 19 – онтоловхуйплов (ontolowxujplow)
  • 20 – хус (xus)
  • 30 – ва̄т (wāt)
  • 40 – налыман (naliman)
  • 50 – атпан (atpan)
  • 60 – хо̄тпан (xōtpan)
  • 70 – са̄тлов (sātlow)
  • 80 – нёлса̄т (nolsāt)
  • 90 – онтырса̄т (ontərsāt)
  • 100 – са̄т (sāt)
  • 1,000 – со̄тыр (sōtər)

Mansi numbering rules

Now that you’ve had a gist of the most useful numbers, let’s move to the writing rules for the tens, the compound numbers, and why not the hundreds, the thousands and beyond (if possible).

  • The form in parenthesis after a word written in the Cyrillic alphabet is its phonetic pronunciation (e.g.: онтолов is pronounced ontolow).
  • Digits from one to nine are rendered by specific words, namely аква (akʷa) or акв (akʷ) when compound [1], китыг (kitɪɣ) or кит (kit) when compound [2], хӯрум (xūrɞ̯m) [3], нила (nila) [4], ат (at) [5], хо̄т (xōt) [6], са̄т (sāt) [7], нёлолов (nololow) [8], and онтолов (ontolow) [9].
  • Tens are formed starting with the multiplier digit or its root with different suffixes, except for ten, twenty and thirty: лов (low) [10], хус (xus) [20], ва̄т (wāt) [30], налыман (naliman) [40], атпан (atpan) [50], хо̄тпан (xōtpan) [60], са̄тлов (sātlow) [70] (7*10), нёлса̄т (nolsāt) [80], and онтырса̄т (ontərsāt) [90]. Eighty and ninety are etymologically related to hundred (са̄т, sāt).
  • Compound numbers for eleven to nineteen are formed starting with the unit or its compound form (for one and two), directly followed by хуйп (xujp), meaning above, more than, and the word for ten, лов (low): аквхуйплов (akʷxujplow) [11], китхуйплов (kitxujplow) [12], хӯрумхуйплов (xūrɞ̯mxujplow) [13], нилахуйплов (nilaxujplow) [14], атхуйплов (ontolowxujplow) [15], хо̄тхуйплов (xōtxujplow) [16], са̄тхуйплов (са̄тxujplow) [17], нёлоловхуйплов (nololowxujplow) [18], and онтоловхуйплов (ontolowxujplow) [19].
  • Compound numbers above twenty are formed starting with the next ten, followed with the word нупыл (nupəl), meaning towards, and the unit (e.g.: ва̄т нупыл аква (wāt nupəl akʷa) [21], which literally means towards thirty with one, хотпан нупыл нёлолов (xōtpan nupəl nololow) [58], са̄т нупыл ат (sāt nupəl at) [95]).
  • Hundreds are formed starting with their multiplier digit (or its compound form for two hundred), directly followed by the word for hundred (са̄т, sāt), except for one hundred: са̄т (sāt) [100], китса̄т (kitsāt) [200], хурумса̄т (xūrɞ̯msāt) [300], ниласа̄т (nilasāt) [400], атса̄т (atsāt) [500], хо̄тса̄т (xōtsāt) [600], са̄тса̄т (sātsāt) [700], нёлоловса̄т (nololowsāt) [800], and онтоловса̄т (ontolowsāt) [900].
  • One hundred can also be expressed as яныг са̄т (janiɣ sāt) [100], яныг meaning large, to differentiate it from са̄т (sāt) [7], which can also be expressed as ма̄нь са̄т (mān sāt) [7], ма̄нь meaning small.
  • Thousands are formed starting with their multiplier digit (or its compound form for two thousand), followed by the word for thousand (со̄тыр, sōtər), except for one thousand itself: со̄тыр (sōtər) [1,000], кит со̄тыр (kit sōtər) [2,000], хӯрум со̄тыр (xūrɞ̯m sōtər) [3,000], нила со̄тыр (nila sōtər) [4,000], ат со̄тыр (at sōtər) [5,000], хо̄т со̄тыр (xōt sōtər) [6,000], са̄т со̄тыр (sāt sōtər) [7,000], нёлолов со̄тыр (nololow sōtər) [8,000], and онтолов со̄тыр (ontolow sōtər) [9,000].

Write a number in full in Mansi

Let’s move now to the practice of the numbering rules in Mansi. Will you guess how to write a number in full? Enter a number and try to write it down in your head, or maybe on a piece of paper, before displaying the result.


Finno-Ugrian languages

Erzya, Estonian, Finnish, Hungarian, Ingrian, Karelian, Kven, Livonian, Mansi, Udmurt, Veps, and Votic.

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