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Counting in Estonian

Language overview

Forty-two in Estonian Estonian (eesti keel) belongs to the Uralic family, in the Finno-Ugric group. Official language of Estonia, it counts about 1.1 million speakers.

Estonian numbers list

  • 1 – üks
  • 2 – kaks
  • 3 – kolm
  • 4 – neli
  • 5 – viis
  • 6 – kuus
  • 7 – seitse
  • 8 – kaheksa
  • 9 – üheksa
  • 10 – kümme
  • 11 – üksteist
  • 12 – kaksteist
  • 13 – kolmteist
  • 14 – neliteist
  • 15 – viisteist
  • 16 – kuusteist
  • 17 – seitseteist
  • 18 – kaheksateist
  • 19 – üheksateist
  • 20 – kakskümmend
  • 30 – kolmkümmend
  • 40 – nelikümmend
  • 50 – viiskümmend
  • 60 – kuuskümmend
  • 70 – seitsekümmend
  • 80 – kaheksakümmend
  • 90 – üheksakümmend
  • 100 – sada
  • 1,000 – tuhat
  • one million – miljon
  • one billion – miljard
  • one trillion – triljon

Estonian numbering rules

  • Numbers from zero to ten are specific words: null [0], üks [1], kaks [2], kolm [3], neli [4], viis [5], kuus [6], seitse [7], kaheksa [8], üheksa [9], and kümme [10].
  • From eleven to nineteen, the numbers are formed from the matching digits, adding the suffix -teist at the end, which means from the second (ten): üksteist [11], kaksteist [12], kolmteist [13], neliteist [14], viisteist [15], kuusteist [16], seitseteist [17], kaheksateist [18], and üheksateist [19].
  • The tens are formed by adding the -kümmend suffix at the end of the digits, with the obvious exception of ten: kümme [10], kakskümmend [20], kolmkümmend [30], nelikümmend [40], viiskümmend [50], kuuskümmend [60], seitsekümmend [70], kaheksakümmend [80], and üheksakümmend [90]. When composed with a digit, numbers from twenty-one to ninety-nine are formed by saying the ten, then the digit with a space (e.g.: kakskümmend kolm [23], kolmkümmend kaks [32]).
  • Hundreds are formed by setting the multiplier unit directly before the hundred word (sada), with the exception of one hundred itself: sada [100], kakssada [200], kolmsada [300], nelisada [400], viissada [500]…
  • Thousands are formed by setting the multiplier unit before the thousand word (tuhat), separated with a space, with the exception of one thousand itself: tuhat [1,000], kaks tuhat [2,000], kolm tuhat [3,000], neli tuhat [4,000], viis tuhat [5,000]…
  • The Estonian language uses the short scale for big numbers: miljon (106, million), miljard (109, billion), triljon (1012, trillion), kvadriljon (1015, quadrillion), kvintiljon (1018, quintillion), sekstiljon (1021, sextillion)…

Write a number in full in Estonian

Enter a number and get it written in full in Estonian.

Books

Colloquial Estonian Colloquial Estonian
by , editors Routledge (2008)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Estonian-English/English-Estonian: Dictionary & Phasebook Estonian-English/English-Estonian: Dictionary & Phasebook
by , editors Hippocrene Books (2002)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

L’estonien de poche L’estonien de poche
by , editors Assimil (2008)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Parlons estonien, une langue de la Baltique Parlons estonien, une langue de la Baltique
by , editors L’Harmattan (1993)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Finno-Ugrian languages

Estonian, Finnish, Ingrian, Karelian, Livonian, Veps, and Votic.

Other supported languages

As the other currently supported languages are too numerous to list extensively here, please select a language from the full list of supported languages.

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