Share:  

Counting in Hupa

Language overview

Forty-two in Hupa Hupa (Na:tinixwe Mixine:whe’, or language of the Hoopa Valley people) is a Pacific Coast Athapaskan language from the Na-Dené language family. Spoken in the Hoopa Valley in California, it is nearly extinct as it counts 8 speakers, even if some language revitalization is in progress.

Due to lack of data, we can only count accurately up to 1,000 in Hupa. Please contact me if you can help me counting up from that limit.

Hupa numbers list

  • 1 – ła’
  • 2 – nahx
  • 3 – ta:q’
  • 4 – dink’
  • 5 – chwola’
  • 6 – xosta:n
  • 7 – xohk’it
  • 8 – ke:nim
  • 9 – miq’os-t’aw
  • 10 – minłung
  • 11 – minłung-miwah-na:ła’
  • 12 – minłung-miwah-na:nahx
  • 13 – minłung-miwah-na:ta:q’
  • 14 – minłung-miwah-na:dink’
  • 15 – minłung-miwah-na:chwola’
  • 16 – minłung-miwah-na:xosta:n
  • 17 – minłung-miwah-na:xohk’it
  • 18 – minłung-miwah-na:ke:nim
  • 19 – minłung-miwah-na:miq’os-t’aw
  • 20 – nahdiminłung
  • 30 – ta:q’idiminłung
  • 40 – dink’idiminłung
  • 50 – chwola’diminłung
  • 60 – xosta:ndiminłung
  • 70 – xohk’e:diminłung
  • 80 – ke:nimdiminłung
  • 90 – miq’ost’ahdiminłung
  • 100 – ła’-dikin
  • 1,000 – minłun-dikin

Hupa numbering rules

Now that you’ve had a gist of the most useful numbers, let’s move to the writing rules for the tens, the compound numbers, and why not the hundreds, the thousands and beyond (if possible).

  • Digits from one to nine are specific words, namely ła’ [1], nahx [2], ta:q’ [3], dink’ [4], chwola’ [5], xosta:n [6], xohk’it [7], ke:nim [8], and miq’os-t’aw [9].
  • Tens are formed by setting the multiplier digit, then a short form of the word ding (times) and the word for ten (minłung), except for ten itself: minłung [10], nahdiminłung [20] (2*10), ta:q’idiminłung [30] (3*10), dink’idiminłung [40], chwola’diminłung [50], xosta:ndiminłung [60], xohk’e:diminłung [70], ke:nimdiminłung [80], and miq’ost’ahdiminłung [90].
  • Compound numbers are formed by saying the ten, then the expression -miwah-na: (miwah meaning at the edge of it, bordering it, beside it, (lying) next to it), and the unit (e.g.: minłung-miwah-na:ta:q’ [13], nahdiminłung-miwah-na:nahx [22]).
  • Hundreds are formed by setting the multiplier digit before the word for hundred (dikin) linked with a hyphen: ła’-dikin [100], nahx-dikin [200], ta:q’i-dikin [300], dink’i-dikin [400], chwola’-dikin [500], xosta:n-dikin [600], xohk’e-dikin [700], ke:nim-dikin [800], and miq’ost’ah-dikin [900].
  • One thousand is formed as ten hundreds: minłun-dikin [1,000].

Write a number in full in Hupa

Let’s move now to the practice of the numbering rules in Hupa. Will you guess how to write a number in full? Enter a number and try to write it down in your head, or maybe on a piece of paper, before displaying the result.

Books

California Indian Languages California Indian Languages
by , editors University of California Press (2011)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Hupa Texts Hupa Texts
by , editors Forgotten Books (2008)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com, Kindle - Amazon.com Kindle - Amazon.com]

Cultural Contact and Linguistic Relativity among the Indians of Northwestern California Cultural Contact and Linguistic Relativity among the Indians of Northwestern California
by , editors University of Oklahoma Press (2008)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Sources

Athapaskan languages

Carrier, Dogrib, Hupa, Navajo, Siletz dee-ni, Tlingit, and Tolowa.

Other supported languages

As the other currently supported languages are too numerous to list extensively here, please select a language from the full list of supported languages.

This site uses cookies for statistical and advertising purposes. By using this site, you accept the use of cookies.