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Counting in Turkish

Language overview

Forty-two in Turkish Turkish (türkçe) belongs to the Altaic language family. Official language in Turkey (with about 75 million speakers) and co-official in Cyprus, it is also spoken in some parts of Macedonia, Kosovo, Azerbaijan.

Turkish numbers list

  • 1 – bir
  • 2 – iki
  • 3 – üç
  • 4 – dört
  • 5 – beş
  • 6 – altı
  • 7 – yedi
  • 8 – sekiz
  • 9 – dokuz
  • 10 – on
  • 11 – on bir
  • 12 – on iki
  • 13 – on üç
  • 14 – on dört
  • 15 – on beş
  • 16 – on altı
  • 17 – on yedi
  • 18 – on sekiz
  • 19 – on dokuz
  • 20 – yirmi
  • 30 – otuz
  • 40 – kırk
  • 50 – elli
  • 60 – altmış
  • 70 – yetmiş
  • 80 – seksen
  • 90 – doksan
  • 100 – yüz
  • 1,000 – bin
  • one million – bir milyon
  • one billion – bir milyar
  • one trillion – bir trilyon

Turkish numbering rules

  • Digits from zero to nine are specific words, namely sıfır [0], bir [1], iki [2], üç [3], dört [4], beş [5], altı [6], yedi [7], sekiz [8] and dokuz [9].
  • The tens have specific names from ten to fifty, names based on the multiplier digit root from sixty to ninety: on [10], yirmi [20], otuz [30], kırk [40], elli [50], altmış [60], yetmiş [70], seksen [80] and doksan [90].
  • Numbers up to ninety-nine are built by spelling out the ten, then the digit (e.g.: otuz iki [32], yetmiş bir [71]).
  • One hundred is written yüz, one thousand bin. Hundreds and thousands are built by telling the multiplier digit, then the hundred or thousand word (e.g.: beş yüz [500], beş bin [5,000]).
  • Tens of thousands use the same structure, with the exception that the ten and the unit are not separated by a space (eg. on altı [16], but onaltı bin [16,000]).
  • Turkish language uses the short scale for big numbers, where every new word greater than a million is 1,000 times bigger than the previous term. Thus, bir milyar is 109 (equivalent to the US billion), and bir trilyon is 1012 (equivalent to the US trillion).

Write a number in full in Turkish

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Books

Turkish: a comprehensive grammar Turkish: a comprehensive grammar
by , editors Routledge (2005)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Turkish Grammar Turkish Grammar
by , editors Oxford University Press, (2001)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Elementary Turkish Elementary Turkish
by , editors Dover Publications (1986)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Guide de conversation turc Guide de conversation turc
by , editors Assimil (2011)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Parlons turc Parlons turc
by , editors L’Harmattan (2002)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Grammaire du turc Grammaire du turc
by , editors L’Harmattan (2000)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Turkic languages

Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Crimean Tatar, Kazakh, Turkish, and Yakut.

Other supported languages

As the other currently supported languages are too numerous to list extensively here, please select a language from the full list of supported languages.

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