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Counting in Bashkir

Language overview

Forty-two in Bashkir The Bashkir language (Башкортса, or Bašqort) is an Altaic language from the Turkic group. It is spoken by the Bachkir people, mostly in the Republic of Bashkortostan (previously Bashkiria), but also in the neighboring republics of Tatarstan and Udmurtia. Bashkir counts about 1.45 million speakers and is written in the Cyrillic alphabet.

Due to lack of data, we can only count accurately up to 9,999 in Bashkir. Please contact me if you can help me counting up from that limit.

Bashkir numbers list

  • 1 – бер (ber)
  • 2 – ике (ike)
  • 3 – өс (ôs)
  • 4 – дүрт (dùrt)
  • 5 – биш (biš)
  • 6 – алты (alty)
  • 7 – ете (ete)
  • 8 – һигеҙ (ḥigeẓ)
  • 9 – туғыҙ (tuġyẓ)
  • 10 – ун (un)
  • 11 – ун бер (un ber)
  • 12 – ун ике (un ike)
  • 13 – ун өс (un ôs)
  • 14 – ун дүрт (un dùrt)
  • 15 – ун биш (un biš)
  • 16 – ун алты (un alty)
  • 17 – ун ете (un ete)
  • 18 – ун һигеҙ (un ḥigeẓ)
  • 19 – ун туғыҙ (un tuġyẓ)
  • 20 – егерме (egerme)
  • 30 – утыҙ (utyẓ)
  • 40 – ҡырҡ (ǩyrǩ)
  • 50 – илле (ille)
  • 60 – алтмыш (altmyš)
  • 70 – етмеш (etmeš)
  • 80 – һикһән (ḥikḥän)
  • 90 – туҡһан (tuǩḥan)
  • 100 – йөҙ (jôẓ)
  • 1,000 – мең (meņ)

Bashkir numbering rules

Now that you’ve had a gist of the most useful numbers, let’s move to the writing rules for the tens, the compound numbers, and why not the hundreds, the thousands and beyond (if possible).

  • Digits from one to nine are specific words, namely бер (ber) [1], ике (ike) [2], өс (ôs) [3], дүрт (dùrt) [4], биш (biš) [5], алты (alty) [6], ете (ete) [7], һигеҙ (ḥigeẓ) [8], and туғыҙ (tuġyẓ) [9].
  • The tens have specific names based on the multiplier digit root: ун (un) [10], егерме (egerme) [20], утыҙ (utyẓ) [30], ҡырҡ (ǩyrǩ) [40], илле (ille) [50], алтмыш (altmyš) [60], етмеш (etmeš) [70], һикһән (ḥikḥän) [80], and туҡһан (tuǩḥan) [90].
  • Compound numbers are formed by saying the ten, then the unit digit separated with a space (e.g.: ун ике (un ike) [12], егерме туғыҙ (egerme tuġyẓ) [29]).
  • The hundreds are formed by stating the multiplier digit before the word for hundred (йөҙ (jôẓ)) separated with a space, except for one hundred itself: йөҙ (jôẓ) [100], ике йөҙ (ike jôẓ) [200], өс йөҙ (ôs jôẓ) [300], дүрт йөҙ (dùrt jôẓ) [400], биш йөҙ (biš jôẓ) [500], алты йөҙ (alty jôẓ) [600], ете йөҙ (ete jôẓ) [700], һигеҙ йөҙ (ḥigeẓ jôẓ) [800], and туғыҙ йөҙ (tuġyẓ jôẓ) [900].
  • The thousands are formed like the hundreds, i.e. by stating the multiplier digit before the word for thousand (мең (meņ)) separated with a space, except for one thousand itself: мең (meņ) [1,000], ике мең (ike meņ) [2,000], өс мең (ôs meņ) [3,000], дүрт мең (dùrt meņ) [4,000], биш мең (biš meņ) [5,000], алты мең (alty meņ) [6,000], ете мең (ete meņ) [7,000], һигеҙ мең (ḥigeẓ meņ) [8,000], and туғыҙ мең (tuġyẓ meņ) [9,000].

Write a number in full in Bashkir

Let’s move now to the practice of the numbering rules in Bashkir. Will you guess how to write a number in full? Enter a number and try to write it down in your head, or maybe on a piece of paper, before displaying the result.

Books

Bashkir Manual Bashkir Manual
by , editors Routledge (1997)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Source

Turkic languages

Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Chuvash, Crimean Tatar, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Turkish, Uyghur, and Yakut.

Other supported languages

As the other currently supported languages are too numerous to list extensively here, please select a language from the full list of supported languages.

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