Counting in Kalderash Romani
Vlax Romani (Rromani) is a dialectal group of the Romani Indo-European language from the Indo-Aryan group, spoken by the Romani people. Kalderash Romani (Kaldarári) belongs to the northern Vlax sub-dialectal group, and counts about 200,000 speakers, mostly in Romania.
Due to lack of data, we can only count accurately up to 999,999 in Kalderash Romani. Please contact me if you can help me counting up from that limit.
Kalderash Romani numbers list
- 1 – jek
- 2 – duj
- 3 – trin
- 4 – štar
- 5 – panź
- 6 – šov
- 7 – efta
- 8 – oxto
- 9 – iňa
- 10 – deš
- 11 – dešujek
- 12 – dešuduj
- 13 – dešutrin
- 14 – dešuštar
- 15 – dešupanź
- 16 – dešušov
- 17 – dešjefta
- 18 – dešoxto
- 19 – dešuiňa
- 20 – biš
- 30 – tranda
- 40 – saranda
- 50 – pinda
- 60 – šovardeš
- 70 – jeftavardeš
- 80 – oxtovardeš
- 90 – iňavardeš
- 100 – šêl
- 1,000 – mija
Kalderash Romani numbering rules
Now that you’ve had a gist of the most useful numbers, let’s move to the writing rules for the tens, the compound numbers, and why not the hundreds, the thousands and beyond (if possible).
- Numbers from zero to ten are specific words, namely núla , jek (or jekh) , duj , trin , štar , panź , šov , jefta (or efta) , oxto , iňa , and deš .
- From eleven to nineteen, numbers are formed with the word for ten (deš), followed by the letter u and the unit digit, with no space, with the exception of seventeen and nineteen, for which the letter u disappears: dešujek , dešuduj , dešutrin , dešuštar , dešupanź , dešušov , dešjefta , dešoxto , and dešuiňa .
- The tens are specific words up to fifty, then they are formed by putting the multiplier unit, the word var (times) and the word for ten with no space above fifty: deš , biš , tranda (or trijanda) , saranda (or štarvardeš) , pinda (or panźvardeš) , šovardeš , jeftavardeš , oxtovardeš , and iňavardeš .
- Compound numbers are formed by linking the ten and the unit with the word taj, separated with spaces (e.g.: biš taj jek , tranda taj duj , saranda taj panź ).
- The hundreds are formed by setting the multiplier digit before the word for hundred (šêl, plural šêla) separated with a space, except for one hundred itself: šêl , duj šêla , trin šêla , štar šêla , panź šêla …
- The thousands are formed by setting the multiplier digit before the word for thousand (mija, plural miji) separated with a space, except for one thousand itself: mija [1,000], duj miji [2,000], trin miji [3,000], štar miji [4,000], panź miji [5,000]…
Write a number in full in Kalderash Romani
Let’s move now to the practice of the numbering rules in Kalderash Romani. Will you guess how to write a number in full? Enter a number and try to write it down in your head, or maybe on a piece of paper, before displaying the result.
Learn Romani: Das-duma Rromanes
by Ronald Lee, editors University Of Hertfordshire Press (2005)
Gypsy Dialects: A Selected Annotated Bibliography of Materials for the Practical Study of Romani
by Edward Proctor, editors University Of Hertfordshire Press (2008)
Other supported languages
As the other currently supported languages are too numerous to list extensively here, please select a language from the full list of supported languages.