Counting in Mapudungun
The Mapudungun language (Mapuzugun), also known as Mapudungu, Mapuche, or Araucanian, belongs to the Araucanian family of the South American Indian languages family, while being sometimes considered as a language isolate too. Spoken in south-central Chile and west central Argentina by the Mapuche people, it counts about 200,000 speakers.
Due to lack of data, we can only count accurately up to 9,999 in Mapudungun. Please contact me if you can help me counting up from that limit.
Mapudungun numbers list
- 1 – kiñe
- 2 – epu
- 3 – küla
- 4 – meli
- 5 – kechu
- 6 – kayu
- 7 – reqle
- 8 – pura
- 9 – aylla
- 10 – mari
- 11 – mari kiñe
- 12 – mari epu
- 13 – mari küla
- 14 – mari meli
- 15 – mari kechu
- 16 – mari kayu
- 17 – mari reqle
- 18 – mari pura
- 19 – mari aylla
- 20 – epu mari
- 30 – küla mari
- 40 – meli mari
- 50 – kechu mari
- 60 – kayu mari
- 70 – reqle mari
- 80 – pura mari
- 90 – aylla mari
- 100 – kiñe pataka
- 1,000 – kiñe warangka
Mapudungun numbering rules
Now that you’ve had a gist of the most useful numbers, let’s move to the writing rules for the tens, the compound numbers, and why not the hundreds, the thousands and beyond (if possible).
- Digits from zero to nine are specific words, namely sero , kiñe , epu , küla , meli , kechu , kayu , reqle , pura , and aylla .
- The tens are built by putting the ten multiplier digit before the word for ten (mari), except for ten itself: mari , epu mari , küla mari , meli mari , kechu mari …
- The compound numbers are built by following the ten by the unit, separated with a space (e.g.: küla mari kechu , reqle mari pura ).
- The word for hundred is pataka, one thousand is warangka: both are loan words from Quechua. Compound numbers with hundreds and thousands are built by setting the multiplier, then a space and the scale name, but can be omitted when the multiplier is one (e.g.: (kiñe) pataka , epu pataka , (kiñe) warangka [1,000], epu warangka mari [2,010]).
Write a number in full in Mapudungun
Let’s move now to the practice of the numbering rules in Mapudungun. Will you guess how to write a number in full? Enter a number and try to write it down in your head, or maybe on a piece of paper, before displaying the result.
A Grammar of Mapuche
by Ineke Smeets, editors Walter de Gruyter (2008)
Mapudungun (Languages of the world)
by Fernando Zúñiga, editors Lincom Europa (2000)
Diccionario Mapuche-Castellano, Castellano-Mapuche
by Oscar Armayor, editors Guadal (2003)
Diccionario Linguistico-Etnografico de La Lengua Mapuche
by María Catrileo, editors Andres Bello (1996)
Parlons mapuche : la langue des Araucans
by Ana Fernández Garay, editors L’Harmattan (2005)
Other supported languages
As the other currently supported languages are too numerous to list extensively here, please select a language from the full list of supported languages.