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Counting in Latvian

Language overview

Forty-two in Latvian Latvian language (latviešu valoda) belongs to the Baltic group of the Indo-European family. Official language of Latvia, it counts about 1.5 million speakers.

Latvian numbers list

  • 1 – viens
  • 2 – divi
  • 3 – trīs
  • 4 – četri
  • 5 – pieci
  • 6 – seši
  • 7 – septiņi
  • 8 – astoņi
  • 9 – deviņi
  • 10 – desmit
  • 11 – vienpadsmit
  • 12 – divpadsmit
  • 13 – trīspadsmit
  • 14 – četrpadsmit
  • 15 – piecpadsmit
  • 16 – sešpadsmit
  • 17 – septiņpadsmit
  • 18 – astoņpadsmit
  • 19 – deviņpadsmit
  • 20 – divdesmit
  • 30 – trīsdesmit
  • 40 – četrdesmit
  • 50 – piecdesmit
  • 60 – sešdesmit
  • 70 – septiņdesmit
  • 80 – astoņdesmit
  • 90 – deviņdesmit
  • 100 – simts
  • 1,000 – tūkstoš
  • one million – miljons
  • one billion – miljards
  • one trillion – triljons

Latvian numbering rules

  • Digits from zero to nine have two forms: a masculine form and a feminine one. Masculine numbers are: nulle [0], viens [1], divi [2], trīs [3], četri [4], pieci [5], seši [6], septiņi [7], astoņi [8], and deviņi [9]. As for feminine numbers, they are: nulle [0], viena [1], divas [2], trīs [3], četras [4], piecas [5], sešas [6], septiņas [7], astoņas [8], and deviņas [9].
  • From ten (which is desmit) up, there is only one gender and the following noun is always set to genitive. The noun remains subject to declension, except for numbers between ten and nineteen, and simple tens (10, 20, 30…).
  • From eleven to nineteen, cardinal numbers end with -padsmit, meaning on ten, and begin with the root of the digit: vienpadsmit [11], divpadsmit [12], trīspadsmit [13], četrpadsmit [14], piecpadsmit [15], sešpadsmit [16], septiņpadsmit [17], astoņpadsmit [18], and deviņpadsmit [19].
  • Tens end with -desmit (ten) preceded by the ten digit, except for ten itself: desmit [10], divdesmit [20], trīsdesmit [30], četrdesmit [40], piecdesmit [50], sešdesmit [60], septiņdesmit [70], astoņdesmit [80], and deviņdesmit [90].
  • Hundreds are formed by putting the word for hundred (simt) after the multiplier unit root with no space, with the exception of one hundred itself: simts [100] (note the -s at the end), divsimt [200], trīssimt [300], četrsimt [400], piecsimt [500]…
  • Thousands are formed the same way, by attaching the word for thousand (tūkstoš, or tūkstoši, in nominative plural) after the multiplier unit, with the exception of one thousand itself: tūkstoš [1,000], divtūkstoši [2,000], trīstūkstoši [3,000], četrtūkstoši [4,000], piectūkstoši [5,000]…
  • Compound numbers are formed by putting the ten before the unit (e.g.: trīsdesmit divi [32], četrdesmit trīs [43], piecdesmit četri [54]), the hundred before the ten and the unit (e.g.: divsimt trīsdesmit pieci [235], trīssimt viens [301]), the thousand before the hundred, the ten and the unit (e.g.: tūkstoš deviņsimt septiņdesmit viens [1,971], divtūkstoši četri [2,004]).
  • Latvian uses the short scale system as English to create big numbers: each name of number bigger than one million is one thousand times bigger than the previous one. Thus, we have miljons (one million, 106), miljards (one billion, 109), triljons (one trillion, 1012), kvadriljons (one quadrillion, 1015)…
  • The scale words from thousand up have to be set in genitive when following a number, as any other noun (e.g.: desmit tūkstošu [10,000], trīs miljonu [3 million], septiņi miljardu [7 billions]).

Write a number in full in Latvian

Enter a number and get it written in full in Latvian.

Books

Colloquial Latvian: The Complete Course for BeginnersColloquial Latvian: The Complete Course for Beginners
by , editors Routledge (2010)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Latvian-English/English-Latvian Dictionary & PhrasebookLatvian-English/English-Latvian Dictionary & Phrasebook
by , editors Hippocrene Books (2004)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Guide de conversation lettonGuide de conversation letton
by , editors Assimil (2010)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Le letton de pocheLe letton de poche
by , editors Assimil (2007)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Parlons lettonParlons letton
by , editors L’Harmattan (2007)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com, Kindle - Amazon.com Kindle - Amazon.com]

Baltic languages

Latvian, and Lithuanian.

Other supported languages

Languages classified by languages families
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