Counting in Kiliwa
Kiliwa (K’olew Ñaja’) is a Yuman language of the Hokan languages family. Spoken in the mexican state of Baja California by the Kiliwa people, it counts about 30 speakers.
Due to lack of data, we can only count accurately up to 10,000 in Kiliwa. Please contact me if you can help me counting up from that limit.
Kiliwa numbers list
- 1 – msig
- 2 – juwak
- 3 – jmi’k
- 4 – mnak
- 5 – salchipam
- 6 – msigl paayp
- 7 – juwakl paayp
- 8 – jmi’kl paayp
- 9 – msigl tmat
- 10 – chipam msig
- 11 – chipam msig, msig tmaljaa
- 12 – chipam msig, juwak tmaljaa
- 13 – chipam msig, jmi’k tmaljaa
- 14 – chipam msig, mnak tmaljaa
- 15 – chipam msig, salchipam tmaljaa
- 16 – chipam msig, msigl paayp tmaljaa
- 17 – chipam msig, juwakl paayp tmaljaa
- 18 – chipam msig, jmi’kl paayp tmaljaa
- 19 – chipam msig, msigl tmat tmaljaa
- 20 – chipam juwak
- 30 – chipam jmi’k
- 40 – chipam mnak
- 50 – chipam salchipam
- 60 – chipam msigl paayp
- 70 – chipam juwakl paayb
- 80 – chipam jmi’kl paayb
- 90 – chipam msigl tmat
- 100 – chipam msig u’ kun yuu chipam msig
- 1,000 – chipam msig u’ kuetet msig
Kiliwa numbering rules
Now that you’ve had a gist of the most useful numbers, let’s move to the writing rules for the tens, the compound numbers, and why not the hundreds, the thousands and beyond (if possible).
- Digits from one to nine are specific words and expressions: msig , juwak , jmi’k , mnak , salchipam , msigl paayp , juwakl paayp , jmi’kl paayp , and msigl tmat .
- The tens are formed by stating the word for ten (chipam) followed by its multiplier digit: chipam msig , chipam juwak , chipam jmi’k , chipam mnak , chipam salchipam , chipam msigl paayp , chipam juwakl paayb , chipam jmi’kl paayp , and chipam msigl tmat . A longer version of the tens names coexists from fifty and above: chipam msig u’ kun yuu salchipam , chipam msig u’ kun yuu msigl paayp , chipam msig u’ kun yuu juwakl paayb , chipam msig u’ kun yuu jmi’kl paayp , and chipam msig u’ kun yuu msigl tmat .
- Compound numbers are formed by stating the ten, then the unit separated with a comma, and the word tmaljaa (e.g.: chipam msig, juwak tmaljaa , chipam mnak, juwakl paayp tmaljaa ).
- The hundreds are formed by stating the expression chipam msig u’ kun yuu chipam before the multiplier digit: chipam msig u’ kun yuu chipam msig , chipam msig u’ kun yuu chipam juwak , chipam msig u’ kun yuu chipam jmi’k , chipam msig u’ kun yuu chipam mnak …
- The thousands are formed by stating the expression chipam msig u’ kuetet before the multiplier digit: chipam msig u’ kuetet msig [1,000], chipam msíg u’ kuetet juwak [2,000], chipam msig u’ kuetet jmi’k [3,000], chipam msig u’ kuetet mnak [4,000]… chipam msig u’ kuetet chipam msig [10,000]…
Write a number in full in Kiliwa
Let’s move now to the practice of the numbering rules in Kiliwa. Will you guess how to write a number in full? Enter a number and try to write it down in your head, or maybe on a piece of paper, before displaying the result.
by Mauricio J. Mixco, editors Lincom (2000)
- Practical dictionary of the Kiliwa language, by Arnulfo Estrada Ramírez and Leonor Farlow Espinoza (.pdf in Spanish)
Kiliwa, and Lowland Oaxaca Chontal.
Other supported languages
As the other currently supported languages are too numerous to list extensively here, please select a language from the full list of supported languages.