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In his professional career, M.A.R. Barker taught the Urdu and Balochi languages. He also developped the fantasy/science fiction world of Tékumel, mostly in the roleplaying game Empire of the Petal Throne, for which he invented many languages, including Tsolyáni, Yan Koryáni, Livyáni, Engsvanyáli, and Sunúz, and to a lesser extent Mu’ugalavyáni, Salarvyáni, Classical Tsolyáni, Bednálljan, Llyáni, and Thu’úsa.
Jessie Sams is known in the conlang community for her Invented Languages course she gives at the Stephen F. Austin State University in Texas, where students construct their own languages throughout the semester. She has also worked with David J. Peterson on the Méníshè (Motherland: Fort Salem), Engála and Tpaalha languages (Langtime Studio), while working on her owns.
Big numbers make our head spin. The more zeros we add, the less understandable they are. Ten thousand, a hundred thousand, these are numbers we can understand. Beyond that, it gets more difficult. So, in the end, how much is one billion?
Should we write vingt or vingts? Here is a question that comes up regularly, and not only among French dictation fanatics. Let’s review the grammatical rules of the plural mark for vingt, but also for quatre-vingts, for cent and for some other French numbers.
Alison Long, who holds a PhD in Russian language change, have many research interests, including language change, endangered languages and language policy, and language construction. In that field, she’s created the Illitan language for the BBC’s adaptation of China Miéville’s The City and The City.
In most languages, the singular is the unmarked form of a word, and the plural is obtained by inflecting the singular. For instance, to the singular form cat of the English language matches the plural form cats. English counts two grammatical numbers: singular and plural. Other languages have different forms of grammatical numbers depending on the number of items, which can pose some troubles when localizing.