Counting in Spanish (Puerto Rico)
Enter a number and get it written in full in Spanish (Puerto Rico).
Spanish (español, also known as Castilian, or castellano) is a romance language (more specifically in the Ibero-Romance group) from the indo-european family. Official language in 21 countries, including Spain, Mexico, Colombia and Argentine, it counts about 330 million speakers (of which 40 million in Spain alone).
Puerto Rico alone counts around 4 million speakers (the only difference with other Spanish-speaking countries is the short scale used there for big numbers).
Spanish (Puerto Rico) numbering rules
- Digits and numbers from zero to fifteen are specific words, namely cero , uno  (which is apocoped in un before a vowel, and has a feminine form: una), dos , tres , cuatro , cinco , seis , siete , ocho , nueve , diez , once , doce , trece , catorce , quince . Sixteen to twenty-nine are regular numbers, i.e. named after the ten (or the twenty) and the digit. Diez y seis [10 and 6] is phonetically shortened with an apocope as dieciséis. The same applies up to twenty-nine: diecisiete [10 and 7], dieciocho [10 and 8]… veintinueve [20 and 9].
- The tens have specific names based on their multiplier digit root except for ten and twenty: diez , veinte , treinta , cuarenta , cincuenta , sesenta , setenta , ochenta , and noventa .
- The same applies for the hundreds where one word is created by removing the space between the multiplier and the hundred word: cien  (plural cientos), doscientos , trescientos , cuatrocientos , quinientos , seiscientos , setecientos , ochocientos , and novecientos .
- Tens and units are linked with y (and), as in treinta y cinco .
- The word for thousand is mil. Thousands are formed by stating the multiplier digit before it, except for one thousand itself: mil [1,000], dos mil [2,000], tres mil [3,000], cuatro mil [4,000], cinco mil [5,000]…
- The Spanish language spoken in Puerto Rico is the only exception in the Spanish-speaking world where the short scale is in use. In that naming system, every new word greater than a million is one thousand times bigger than the previous term. Thus, un billón is 109 in Puerto Rico (equivalent to the US billion), whereas it is 1012 everywhere else where the long scale is in use (in which every new word greater than a million is one million times bigger than the previous term).
Schaum’s Outline of Spanish Grammar, 5ed
by Conrad J. Schmitt, editors McGraw-Hill (2008)
[ , ]
by Christopher Kendris, editors Barron’s Educational Series (2001)
A Comprehensive Spanish Grammar
by Jacques De Bruyne, editors Wiley-Blackwell (1996)
Competencia gramatical en USO A1
editors Edelsa (2010)
Les Idiomatics : Français-espagnol
by Nestor Salas, editors Seuil (2003)
Grammaire de l’espagnol
by Beatriz Job, Marie-Claude Dana, editors Nathan (1999)
Bescherelle Grammaire Espagnole
by Monique Da Silva, editors Hatier (1998)
Parlons espagnol : langue et culture
by Gilbert Fabre, editors L’Harmattan (1997)
- 1 – uno
- 2 – dos
- 3 – tres
- 4 – cuatro
- 5 – cinco
- 6 – seis
- 7 – siete
- 8 – ocho
- 9 – nueve
- 10 – diez
- 11 – once
- 12 – doce
- 13 – trece
- 14 – catorce
- 15 – quince
- 16 – dieciséis
- 17 – diecisiete
- 18 – dieciocho
- 19 – diecinueve
- 20 – veinte
- 30 – treinta
- 40 – cuarenta
- 50 – cincuenta
- 60 – sesenta
- 70 – setenta
- 80 – ochenta
- 90 – noventa
- 100 – cien
- 1,000 – mil
- one million – un millón
- one billion – un billón
- one trillion – un trillón
- Cardinal numbers (in Spanish)
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