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Counting in Romani

Language overview

Forty-two in Romani Romani (Rromani) is a indo-european language from the Indo-Aryan group, spoken by the Romani people. As a macrolanguage, or generic language, it is divided in seven main dialectal groups (Balkan, Baltic, Carpathian, Finnish Kalo, Sinte, Vlax Romani, and Welsh Romani), and counts about 3 million speakers.

Due to lack of data, we can only count accurately up to 999 in Romani. Please contact me if you can help me counting up from that limit.

Romani numbers list

  • 1 – yek
  • 2 – duy
  • 3 – trin
  • 4 – shtar
  • 5 – panj
  • 6 – shov
  • 7 – efta
  • 8 – oxto
  • 9 – en’a
  • 10 – desh
  • 11 – desh-u-yek
  • 12 – desh-u-duy
  • 13 – desh-u-trin
  • 14 – desh-u-shtar
  • 15 – desh-u-panj
  • 16 – desh-u-shov
  • 17 – desh-efta
  • 18 – desh-oxto
  • 19 – desh-en’a
  • 20 – bish
  • 30 – triyanda
  • 40 – shtar-var-desh
  • 50 – panj-var-desh
  • 60 – shov-var-desh
  • 70 – efta-var-desh
  • 80 – oxto-var-desh
  • 90 – en’a-var-desh
  • 100 – shel

Romani numbering rules

  • Numbers from one to ten are specific words, namely yek [1], duy [2], trin [3], shtar [4], panj [5], shov [6], efta [7], oxto [8], en’a [9], and desh [10].
  • From eleven to sixteen, numbers are formed with the word for ten (desh), followed by -u- and the unit digit: desh-u-yek [11], desh-u-duy [12], desh-u-trin [13], desh-u-shtar [14], desh-u-panj [15], and desh-u-shov [16]. From seventeen to nineteen, the -u- is replaced by a simple dash: desh-efta [17], desh-oxto [18], and desh-en’a [19].
  • The tens are formed by putting the multiplier unit, then the word var (times) and the word for ten separated with dashes, except for ten, twenty and thirty: desh [10], bish [20], triyanda [30], shtar-var-desh [40], panj-var-desh [50], shov-var-desh [60], efta-var-desh [70], oxto-var-desh [80], and en’a-var-desh [90].
  • Compound numbers from twenty-one to twenty-nine are formed by linking the ten and the unit with -te-, apocoped in -t- before a vowel (e.g.: bish-te-yek [21], bish-te-duy [22], bish-t-efta [27]). The thirties series uses only a dash to link the ten and the unit (e.g.: triyanda-yek [31], triyanda-duy [32]). As the other tens end with the word for ten (desh), their compound are formed on the ten compounds (e.g.: panj-var-desh-u-yek [51], shov-var-desh-u-panj [65], efta-var-desh-efta [77], oxto-var-desh-en’a [89]).
  • The hundreds are formed by prefixing the word for hundred (shel) with the multiplier digit separated with a space, except for one hundred itself: shel [100], duy shel [200], trin shel [300], shtar shel [400]…

Write a number in full in Romani

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Books

Gypsy Dialects: A Selected Annotated Bibliography of Materials for the Practical Study of RomaniGypsy Dialects: A Selected Annotated Bibliography of Materials for the Practical Study of Romani
by , editors University Of Hertfordshire Press (2008)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Romani: A Linguistic IntroductionRomani: A Linguistic Introduction
by , editors Cambridge University Press (2005)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com, Kindle - Amazon.com Kindle - Amazon.com]

Guide de conversation rromaniGuide de conversation rromani
by , editors Assimil (2010)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Précis de la langue romani littérairePrécis de la langue romani littéraire
by , editors L’Harmattan (2003)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Parlons tsigane : histoire, culture et langue du peuple tsiganeParlons tsigane : histoire, culture et langue du peuple tsigane
by , editors L’Harmattan (1994)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Indo-Aryan languages

Dzambazi Romani, Kalderash Romani, and Romani.

Other supported languages

Languages classified by languages families
As the other currently supported languages are too numerous to list extensively here, please select a language from the following select box, or from the full list of supported languages.

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