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Counting in Quenya

Enter a number and get it written in full in Quenya.

Language overview

Forty-two in Quenya Quenya (quenya in Tengwar script) is one of the fictional languages spoken by the Elves, in the Arda world of J. R. R. Tolkien (of which The Lord of the Rings is one of the most renown work). Mainly influenced by Finnish, in grammar, phonology and vocabulary, it is also influenced to some extend by Latin, Greek, German and Spanish. It is written in Latin alphabet or in Tengwar script.

Quenya numbers list

  • 1 – minë (minë)
  • 2 – atta (atta)
  • 3 – neldë (neldë)
  • 4 – canta (canta)
  • 5 – lempë (lempë)
  • 6 – enquë (enquë)
  • 7 – otso (otso)
  • 8 – tolto (tolto)
  • 9 – nertë (nertë)
  • 10 – cainen (cainen)
  • 11 – minquë (minquë)
  • 12 – yunquë (yunquë)
  • 13 – nelcëa (nelcëa)
  • 14 – cancëa (cancëa)
  • 15 – lencëa (lencëa)
  • 16 – encëa (encëa)
  • 17 – occëa (occëa)
  • 18 – tolcëa (tolcëa)
  • 19 – nercëa (nercëa)
  • 20 – yucainen (yucainen)
  • 30 – nelcainen (nelcainen)
  • 40 – cancainen (cancainen)
  • 50 – lemincainen (lemincainen)
  • 60 – eneccainen (eneccainen)
  • 70 – otsocainen (otsocainen)
  • 80 – tolcainen (tolcainen)
  • 90 – nercainen (nercainen)
  • 100 – tuxa (tuxa)
  • 1,000 – húmë (húmë)
  • one million – mindóra (mindóra)

Tengwar script numerals

The Tengwar alphabet has been created by J. R. R. Tolkien for his Middle-Earth world, well-know for his The Lord of the Rings. The Tengwar script is used to write many of the languages used in that world, including Quenya and Sindarin. As these languages (originally) use a duodecimal number system (base 12), the Tengwar script has numerals digits for ten and eleven.

0
0
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
10
11
11

Quenya numbering rules

  • Digits from zero to nine and numbers from ten to twelve are specific words, namely munta (munta) [0], minë (minë) [1], atta (atta) [2], neldë (neldë) [3], canta (canta) [4], lempë (lempë) [5], enquë (enquë) [6], otso (otso) [7], tolto (tolto) [8], nertë (nertë) [9], cainen (cainen) [10], minquë [11] (minquë), and yunquë (yunquë) [12]. As the elves originally used the duodecimal number system (base 12), eleven and twelve are still irregular.
  • From thirteen to nineteen, the numbers are built by adding the -cëa (-cëa) suffix at the end of the first syllable (acting as a root) of the matching digit: nelcëa (nelcëa) [13], cancëa (cancëa) [14], lencëa (lencëa) [15], encëa (encëa) [16], occëa (occëa) [17], tolcëa (tolcëa) [18], and nercëa (nercëa) [19].
  • The tens are formed by adding the ten word (cainen, cainen) after the matching multiplier digit root (or first syllable), with the exception of ten where the multiplier is implicit: cainen (cainen) [10], yucainen (yucainen) [20], nelcainen (nelcainen) [30], cancainen (cancainen) [40], lemincainen (lemincainen) [50], eneccainen (eneccainen) [60], otsocainen (otsocainen) [70], tolcainen (tolcainen) [80], and nercainen (nercainen) [90].
  • Numbers from twenty-one to ninety-nine are built by saying the unit first, then the ten separated by a space (e.g.: lempë yucainen (lempë yucainen) [25], enquë cancainen (enquë cancainen) [46]).
  • The hundreds are built exactly the same way as the tens, i.e. by adding the hundred word (tuxa, tuxa) after the matching multiplier digit root, except for one hundred itself: tuxa (tuxa) [100], yutuxa (yutuxa) [200], neltuxa (neltuxa) [300]… When the hundred is composed, the unit is said first, then the ten, then the hundred, all separated by spaces (e.g.: atta otsocainen tuxa (atta otsocainen tuxa) [172], lempë tolcainen yutuxa (lempë tolcainen yutuxa) [285], cancainen neltuxa (cancainen neltuxa) [340])
  • We assume the thousands are built identically, i.e. by adding the thousand word (húmë, húmë) after the matching multiplier digit root, except for one thousand itself: húmë (húmë) [1,000], yuhúmë (yuhúmë) [2,000], nelhúmë (nelhúmë) [3,000]…
  • The word for million is mindóra (mindóra).

Books

The Ring of Words: Tolkien and the Oxford English DictionaryThe Ring of Words: Tolkien and the Oxford English Dictionary
by , editors Oxford University Press (2009)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com, Kindle - Amazon.com Kindle - Amazon.com]

Arda philologyArda philology

The Languages of Tolkien’s Middle-EarthThe Languages of Tolkien’s Middle-Earth
by , editors Mariner Books (1980)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

La route perdueLa route perdue
by , editors Bourgois (2008)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Articles

Lord of the Rings languages

Quenya, and Sindarin.

Other supported languages

Supported languages by families
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