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Counting in Northern Sami

Enter a number and get it written in full in Northern Sami.

Language overview

Northern Sami (davvisámegiella, sámegiella) belongs to the Uralic family, in the Finno-Ugric group. It is spoken in Lapland, a cultural region lying mostly within the Arctic Circle in Finland, Sweden and Norway, by about about 20.000 speakers.

Northern Sami numbering rules

  • Numbers from one to ten are specific words: okta [1], guokte [2], golbma [3], njeallje [4], vihtta [5], guhtta [6], čieža [7], gávcci [8], ovcci [9], and logi [10].
  • From eleven to nineteen, the numbers are formed from the matching digits, adding the suffix nuppelohkái: oktanuppelohkái [11], guoktenuppelohkái [12], golbmanuppelohkái [13], njealljenuppelohkái [14], vihttanuppelohkái [15], guhttanuppelohkái [16], čiežanuppelohkái [17], gávccinuppelohkái [18], and ovccinuppelohkái [19].
  • The tens are formed by suffixing the multiplier digit with the word for ten (logi), with the exception of ten itself: logi [10], guoktelogi [20], golbmalogi [30], njealljelogi [40], vihttalogi [50], guhttalogi [60], čiežalogi [70], gávccilogi [80], and ovccilogi [90].
  • Compound numbers are formed by saying the ten, then the digit with no space (e.g.: guoktelogiguokte [22], njealljelogiguhtta [46]).
  • Hundreds are formed by setting the multiplier unit directly before the word for hundred (čuođi), with the exception of one hundred itself: čuođi [100], guoktečuođi [200], golbmačuođi [300], njeallječuođi [400], vihttačuođi [500], guhttačuođi [600], čiežačuođi [700], gávccičuođi [800], and ovccičuođi [900].
  • Thousands are formed by setting the multiplier unit before the word for thousand (duhat) with no space, with the exception of one thousand itself: duhat [1,000], guokteduhat [2,000], golbmaduhat [3,000], njealljeduhat [4,000], vihttaduhat [5,000], guhttaduhat [6,000], čiežaduhat [7,000], gávcciduhat [8,000], and ovcciduhat [9,000].
  • Millions are formed by setting the multiplier unit before the word for million (miljon, plural miljovnna) with no space, except for one million: miljon [1 million], guoktemiljovnna [2 million], golbmamiljovnna [3 million], njealljemiljovnna [4 million], vihttamiljovnna [5 million]…
  • Compound numbers are formed by juxtaposing the numbers with no space from the higher ones to the smaller ones (e.g.: guoktečuođivihttalogigávcci [258], duhatčiežačuođigávccilogiovcci [1,789], miljončiežaduhatvihtta [1,007,005], vihttamiljovnnaduhatguoktečuođigolbmalogi [5,001,230]).

Books

The Sami People: Traditions in TransitionsThe Sami People: Traditions in Transitions
by , editors University of Alaska Press (2005)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Parlons Lapon : Les Sames, langue et cultureParlons Lapon : Les Sames, langue et culture
by , editors L’Harmattan (1997)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Numbers list

1 – okta
2 – guokte
3 – golbma
4 – njeallje
5 – vihtta
6 – guhtta
7 – čieža
8 – gávcci
9 – ovcci
10 – logi
11 – oktanuppelohkái
12 – guoktenuppelohkái
13 – golbmanuppelohkái
14 – njealljenuppelohkái
15 – vihttanuppelohkái
16 – guhttanuppelohkái
17 – čiežanuppelohkái
18 – gávccinuppelohkái
19 – ovccinuppelohkái
20 – guoktelogi
30 – golbmalogi
40 – njealljelogi
50 – vihttalogi
60 – guhttalogi
70 – čiežalogi
80 – gávccilogi
90 – ovccilogi
100 – čuođi
1,000 – duhat
one million – miljon

Sources

Sami languages

Inari Sami, Northern Sami, Pite Sami, Skolt Sami, and Southern Sami.

Other supported languages

Supported languages by families
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