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Counting in Minangkabau

Enter a number and get it written in full in Minangkabau.

Language overview

Minangkabau is an Austronesian language of the Malayan group, spoken by the Minangkabau people of West Sumatra, Indonesia. It counts about 5.5 million speakers.

Due to lack of data, this program can only count accurately up to 100 in Minangkabau. Please contact me if you can help me counting up from that limit.

Minangkabau numbering rules

  • Digits and numbers from one to eleven are specific words, namely ciek [1], duo [2], tigo [3], ampek [4], limo [5], anam [6], tujuah [7], salapan [8], sambilan [9], sapuluah [10], and sabaleh [11]. From twelve to nineteen, the compound numbers are formed by stating the unit then the word baleh separated with a space: duo baleh [12], tigo baleh [13], ampek baleh [14], limo baleh [15], anam baleh [16], tujuah baleh [17], salapan baleh [18], and sambilan baleh [19].
  • The tens are formed by stating the multiplier digit, then the word puluah separated with a space, except for ten: sapuluah [10], duo puluah [20], tigo puluah [30], ampek puluah [40], limo puluah [50], anam puluah [60], tujuah puluah [70], salapan puluah [80], and sambilan puluah [90].
  • Compound numbers are formed by stating the ten, then the unit separated with a space (e.g.: duo puluah limo [25], limo puluah salapan [58]).
  • The hundreds are formed by stating the multiplier digit, then the word ratuih separated with a space, except for one hundred: saratuih [100], duo ratuih [200], tigo ratuih [300], ampek ratuih [400], limo ratuih [500], anam ratuih [600], tujuah ratuih [700], salapan ratuih [800], and sambilan ratuih [900].
  • The thousands are formed the same way, i.e. by stating the multiplier digit, then the word ribu separated with a space, except for one thousand: saribu [1,000], duo ribu [2,000], tigo ribu [3,000], ampek ribu [4,000], limo ribu [5,000], anam ribu [6,000], tujuah ribu [7,000], salapan ribu [8,000], and sambilan ribu [9,000].
  • The millions are also formed the same way, i.e. by stating the multiplier digit, then the word for million (sajuta) separated with a space, except for one million itself: sajuta [1 million], duo sajuta [2 million], tigo sajuta [3 million]…

Books

Parlons MinangkabauParlons Minangkabau
by , editors L’Harmattan (2004)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Dictionnaire minangkabau, indonésien, francaisDictionnaire minangkabau, indonésien, francais
by , editors L’Harmattan (1995)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Numbers list

  • 1 – ciek
  • 2 – duo
  • 3 – tigo
  • 4 – ampek
  • 5 – limo
  • 6 – anam
  • 7 – tujuah
  • 8 – salapan
  • 9 – sambilan
  • 10 – sapuluah
  • 11 – sabaleh
  • 12 – duo baleh
  • 13 – tigo baleh
  • 14 – ampek baleh
  • 15 – limo baleh
  • 16 – anam baleh
  • 17 – tujuah baleh
  • 18 – salapan baleh
  • 19 – sambilan baleh
  • 20 – duo puluah
  • 30 – tigo puluah
  • 40 – ampek puluah
  • 50 – limo puluah
  • 60 – anam puluah
  • 70 – tujuah puluah
  • 80 – salapan puluah
  • 90 – sambilan puluah
  • 100 – saratuih
  • 1,000 – saribu
  • one million – sajuta

Sources

Western Malayo-Polynesian languages

Indonesian, and Minangkabau.

Other supported languages

Supported languages by families
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