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Counting in Livonian

Enter a number and get it written in full in Livonian.

Language overview

Livonian (Līvõ kēļ or rāndakēļ) belongs to the Uralic family, in the Finno-Ugric group. Classified as a moribund language due to its very small number of speakers (about 40 in 2001), it is spoken in Latvia, in the Courland region.

Livonian numbering rules

  • Numbers from zero to ten are specific words: null [0], ikš [1], kakš [2], kuolm [3], nēļa [4], vīž [5], kūž [6], seis [7], kōdõks [8] (meaning 10 minus 2), īdõks [9] (meaning 10 minus 1), and kim [10].
  • From eleven to nineteen, the numbers are formed from the matching digits, adding the suffix -tuoistõn, which means from the second (ten): ikštuoistõn [11], kakštuoistõn [12], kuolmtuoistõn [13], nēļatuoistõn [14], vīžtuoistõn [15], kūžtuoistõn [16], seistuoistõn [17], kōdõkstuoistõn [18], and īdõkstuoistõn [19].
  • The tens are formed by adding the -kimdõ suffix at the end of the digits, with the obvious exception of ten: kim [10], kakškimdõ [20], kuolmkimdõ [30], nēļakimdõ [40], vīžkimdõ [50], kūžkimdõ [60], seiskimdõ [70], kōdõkskimdõ [80], and īdõkskimdõ [90]. When composed with a digit, numbers from twenty-one to ninety-nine are formed by saying the ten, then the digit separated with a space (e.g.: kakškimdõ ikš [21], kuolmkimdõ kakš [32]).
  • The word for hundred is sadā in nominative singular, and sadād in nominative plural. Hundred are formed by stating the multiplier digit, followed by the partitive plural saddõ of hundred, except for one hundred itself: sadā [100], kakš saddõ [200], kuolm saddõ [300], nēļa saddõ [400], vīž saddõ [500]…
  • The word for thousand is tūontõ in nominative singular. Thousands are formed by stating the multiplier digit, followed by tūontõd, the nominative plural of thousand (its partitive plural being tūontidi), except for one thousand itself: tūontõ [1,000], kakš tūontõd [2,000], kuolm tūontõd [3,000], nēļa tūontõd [4,000], vīž tūontõd [5,000]…
  • The word for million is miljon in nominative singular, and miljonõd in nominative plural: miljon [1 million], kakš miljonõd [2 million], kuolm miljonõd [3 million]…

Books

Parlons live, une langue de la BaltiqueParlons live, une langue de la Baltique
by , editors L’Harmattan (2001)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Numbers list

1 – ikš
2 – kakš
3 – kuolm
4 – nēļa
5 – vīž
6 – kūž
7 – seis
8 – kōdõks
9 – īdõks
10 – kim
11 – ikštuoistõn
12 – kakštuoistõn
13 – kuolmtuoistõn
14 – nēļatuoistõn
15 – vīžtuoistõn
16 – kūžtuoistõn
17 – seistuoistõn
18 – kōdõkstuoistõn
19 – īdõkstuoistõn
20 – kakškimdõ
30 – kuolmkimdõ
40 – nēļakimdõ
50 – vīžkimdõ
60 – kūžkimdõ
70 – seiskimdõ
80 – kōdõkskimdõ
90 – īdõkskimdõ
100 – sadā
1,000 – tūontõ
one million – miljon

Sources

Finno-Ugrian languages

Estonian, Finnish, Ingrian, Karelian, Livonian, Veps, and Votic.

Other supported languages

Supported languages by families
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