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Counting in Láadan

Enter a number and get it written in full in Láadan.

Language overview

Láadan is a constructed language created in 1982 by the American linguist and science fiction novelist Suzette Haden Elgin in her series Native Tongue. Doubly-created as we may say, as Láadan is invented by a group of feminist linguists in her dystopic world in order to communicate with aliens. Beyond its central aspect in the books plot, it has been designed as a female language aimed at expressing feminine perceptions. Among its specific traits, one can express in an unambiguous way how one feels about what she is saying. Laadan is a true thought experiment to understand what would a female language look like, and if it would be acknowledged by women, and particularly by feminists.

Láadan numbering rules

  • Digits from one to nine are rendered by specific words, namely nede [1], shin [2], boó [3], bim [4], shan [5], bath [6], um [7], nib [8], and bud [9].
  • Numbers from eleven to nineteen are formed by suffixing the unit with the word for ten (thab), and adding the letter e if the digit name of the unit ends with a consonant: nedethab [11], shinethab [12], boóthab [13], bimethab [14], shanethab [15], bathethab [16], umethab [17], nibethab [18], and budethab [19].
  • Tens are formed by prefixing the multiplier digit with the word for ten (thab), except for ten itself, and adding the letter e if the multiplier name starts with a consonant: thab [10], thabeshin [20], thabebóo [30], thabebim [40], thabeshan [50], thabebath [60], thabum [70], thabenib [80], and thabebud [90].
  • Hundreds are formed by prefixing the multiplier digit with the word for hundred (debe), except for one hundred itself, and deleting the final e of debe before a vowel: debe [100], debeshin [200], debebóo [300], debebim [400], debeshan [500], debebath [600], debum [700], debenib [800], and debebud [900].
  • Thousands are formed by prefixing the multiplier digit with the word for thousand (thob), except for one thousand itself, and adding the letter e if the multiplier name starts with a consonant: thob [1,000], thobeshin [2,000], thobebóo [3,000], thobebim [4,000], thobeshan [5,000], thobebath [6,000], thobum [7,000], thobenib [8,000], and thobebud [9 000].
  • Compound numbers are formed by using the conjunction i (and) to link tens and units, hundreds and tens, thousands and hundreds, that is to say the numbers of each rank (e.g.: thabebath i nede [61], debeshan i thabebath i boó [563], thobenib i debebim i umethab [8,417]).
  • Millions are formed the same way as thousands, based on the word for million (rod): rod [one million], rodeshin [two million], rodebóo [three million]…
  • Billions are formed the same way as thousands, based on the word for billion (merod, formed on the plural marker me- and rod, million): merod [one billion], merodeshin [two billion], merodebóo [three billion]…

Books

Native TongueNative Tongue
by , editors The Feminist Press (2000)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

A First Dictionary and Grammar of LáadanA First Dictionary and Grammar of Láadan
by , editors Society for the Furtherance & Study of Fantas (1988)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Numbers list

1 – nede
2 – shin
3 – boó
4 – bim
5 – shan
6 – bath
7 – um
8 – nib
9 – bud
10 – thab
11 – nedethab
12 – shinethab
13 – boóthab
14 – bimethab
15 – shanethab
16 – bathethab
17 – umethab
18 – nibethab
19 – budethab
20 – thabeshin
30 – thabebóo
40 – thabebim
50 – thabeshan
60 – thabebath
70 – thabum
80 – thabenib
90 – thabebud
100 – debe
1,000 – thob
one million – rod
one billion – merod

Other universes languages

Atlantean, Atrian, Barsoomian, D’ni, Giak, Hylian, Kiitra, Láadan, Na’vi, and Wardwesân.

Other supported languages

Supported languages by families
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