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Counting in Japanese

Language overview

Forty-two in Japanese Japanese language (nihongo, 日本語) belongs to the isolate Japonic language family which also includes the Ryukyuan languages. Spoken in Japan, it has three complementary writing systems: the hiragana syllabary for cursive writing, the katakana syllabary for words of foreign origin other than Chinese, and the kanjis for the logograms of Chinese origin. To be more precise, the kanas constitute a moraic system of writing, the nasal (hiragana) or (katakana) being made of only one mora. We show on this page the numbers in the Hepburn transcription (in rōmaji), in hiragana and in kanji.

Japanese numbers list

  • 1 – 一 ichi (いち)
  • 2 – 二 ni ()
  • 3 – 三 san (さん)
  • 4 – 四 yon (よん)
  • 5 – 五 go ()
  • 6 – 六 roku (ろく)
  • 7 – 七 ana (なな)
  • 8 – 八 achi (はち)
  • 9 – 九 yū (きゅう)
  • 10 – 十 ū (じゅう)
  • 11 – 十一 ūichi (じゅういち)
  • 12 – 十二 ūni (じゅうに)
  • 13 – 十三 ūsan (じゅうさん)
  • 14 – 十四 ūyon (じゅうよん)
  • 15 – 十五 ūgo (じゅうご)
  • 16 – 十六 ūroku (じゅうろく)
  • 17 – 十七 ūnana (じゅうなな)
  • 18 – 十八 ūhachi (じゅうはち)
  • 19 – 十九 ūkyū (じゅうきゅう)
  • 20 – 二十 ijū (にじゅう)
  • 30 – 三十 anjū (さんじゅう)
  • 40 – 四十 onjū (よんじゅう)
  • 50 – 五十 ojū (ごじゅう)
  • 60 – 六十 okujū (ろくじゅう)
  • 70 – 七十 anajū (ななじゅう)
  • 80 – 八十 achijū (じはちゅう)
  • 90 – 九十 yūjū (じゅう)
  • 100 – 百 yaku (ひゃく)
  • 1,000 – 千 en (せん)

Japanese counters

The numbers shown on this page are used to count in the abstract. Depending on the type of object you want to count, you have to use a counter in Japanese. Here is a short list among the most used.

  • Generic objects, with no specificity (digits of Japanese origin used for instance to order in a restaurant): hitotsu (ひとつ) [1], futtsu (ふたつ) [2], mittsu (みっつ) [3], yottsu (よっつ) [4], itsutsu (いつつ) [5], muttsu (むっつ) [6], nanatsu (ななつ) [7], yattsu (やっつ) [8], kokonotsu (ここのつ) [9], and (とお) [10]. Beyond ten, the generic numbers are used.
  • People (にん, 人): hitori (ひとり) [1], futari (ふたり) [2], sannin (さんにん) [3], yonin (よにん) [4], gonin (ごにん) [5], rokunin (ろくにん) [6], shichinin (しちにん) [7], hachinin (はちにん) [8], kyūnin (じゅうにん) [9], and jūnin (じゅうにん) [10].
  • Days (か or にち, 日): ichinichi (いちにち) [1], futsuka (ふつか) [2], mikka (みっか) [3], yokka (よっか ) [4], itsuka (いつか) [5], muika (むいか) [6], nanoka (なのか) [7], yōka (ようか) [8], kokonoka (ここのか) [9], and tōka (とおか) [10].
  • Floors (かい, 階) : ikkai (いっかい) [1], nikai (にかい) [2], sankai (さんかい) [3], yonkai (よんかい) [4], gokai (ごかい) [5], rokkai (ろっかい) [6], nanakai (ななかい) [7], hakkai (はっかい) [8], kyūkai (きゅうかい) [9], and jukkai (じゅっかい) [10].
  • Nights (of a stay) (はく, 泊) : ippaku (いっぱく) [1], nihaku (にはく) [2], sanpaku (さんぱく) [3], yonhaku (よんはく) [4], gohaku (ごはく) [5], roppaku (ろっぱく) [6], nanahaku (ななはく) [7], happaku (はっぱく) [8], kyūhaku (きゅうはく) [9], and juppaku (じゅっぱく) [10].
  • Age of a person (さい, 歳 or 才) : issai (いっさい) [1], nisai (にさい) [2], sansai (さんさい) [3], yonsai (よんさい) [4], gosai (ごさい) [5], rokusai (ろくさい) [6], nanasai (ななさい) [7], hassai (はっさい) [8], kyūsai (きゅうさい) [9], and jussai (じゅっさい) [10].

Japanese numerals

1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
10
100
100
1000
1,000
10000
10,000
100000000
108
1000000000000
1012
10000000000000000
1016
100000000000000000000
1020

Japanese numbering rules

  • Digits from zero to nine are rendered by specific words, namely: zero (ゼロ, ) or rei (れい, ) [0], ichi (いち, ) [1], ni (, ) [2], san (さん, ) [3], yon (よん, ) or shi (, ) [4], go (, ) [5], roku (ろく, ) [6], nana (なな, ) or shichi (しち, ) [7], hachi (はち, ) [8], and kyū (きゅう, ) or (, ) [9].
  • Tens are formed starting by the multiplier digit, followed by the word for ten () with no space, except for ten itself: (じゅう, ) [10], nijū (にじゅう, 二十) [20], sanjū (さんじゅう, 三十) [30], yonjū (よんじゅう, 四十) [40], gojū (ごじゅう, 五十) [50], rokujū (ろくじゅう, 六十) [60], nanajū (ななじゅう, 七十) [70], hachijū (じはちゅう, 八十) [80], and kyūjū (じゅう, 九十) [90].
  • Compound numbers are formed starting with the ten, followed by the unit digit (e.g.: nijū ichi (にじゅういち, 二十一) [21], gojū hachi (ごじゅうはち, 五十八) [58]).
  • Hundreds are formed starting with the multiplier digit, directly followed by the word for hundred (hyaku), except for one hundred itself: hyaku (ひゃく, ) [100], nihyaku (にひゃく, 二百) [200], sanbyaku (さんびゃく, 三百) [300], yonhyaku (よんひゃく, 四百) [400], gohyaku (ごひゃく, 五百) [500], roppyaku (ろぴゃく, 六百) [600], nanahyaku (ななひゃく, 七百) [700], happyaku (はぴゃく, 八百) [800], and kyūhyaku (きゅうひゃく, 九百) [900]. Please note that 300, 600 and 800 are irregular.
  • Thousands are formed starting with the multiplier digit, directly followed by the word for thousand (sen), except for one thousand itself: sen (せん, ) [1,000], nisen (にせん, 二千) [2,000], sanzen (さんぜん, 三千) [3,000], yonsen (よんせん, 四千) [4,000], gosen (ごせん, 五千) [5,000], rokusen (ろくせん, 六千) [6,000], nanasen (ななせん, 七千) [7,000], hassen (はっせん, 八千) [8,000], and kyūsen (きゅうせん, 九千) [9,000]. Please note that 3,000 and 8,000 are irregular.
  • In Japanese, digits are grouped by myriads, or groups of four. Tens of thousands are formed starting with the multiplier digit, directly followed by the word for ten thousand (man, まん, ), except for ten thousand itself: ichiman (いちまん, 一万) [10,000] (1 time 10,000), niman (にまん, 二万) [20,000] (2 times 10,000), jūman (じゅうまん, 十万) [100,000] (10 times 10,000), hyakuman (ひゃくまん, 百万) [1 million] (100 times 10,000).
  • Compound numbers are also grouped by blocks of four digits (e.g.: niman gosen (にまんごせん, 二万五千) [25,000], roppyaku nanajū hachiman (ろぴゃくななじゅうはちまん, 六百七十八万) [6,780,000]).
  • Each fourth power of ten following man has its own name. After man (104), we have oku (おく, ) (108, or one hundred millions), chō (ちょう, ) (1012, or one US trillion), kei or kyō (けい or きょう, ) (1016, or ten US quadrillions) and gai (がい, ) (1020, or one hundred US quintillions).

Write a number in full in Japanese

Enter a number and get it written in full in Japanese.

Books

Minna no Nihongo I: translation and grammar notesMinna no Nihongo I: translation and grammar notes
editors 3A Corporation (2013)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Living Language Japanese, Complete EditionLiving Language Japanese, Complete Edition
editors Living Language (2012)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Japanese Hiragana & Katakana for Beginners: First Steps to Mastering the Japanese Writing SystemJapanese Hiragana & Katakana for Beginners: First Steps to Mastering the Japanese Writing System
by , editors Tuttle Publishing (2011)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Fundamentals of Japanese Grammar: Comprehensive AcquisitionFundamentals of Japanese Grammar: Comprehensive Acquisition
by , editors University of Hawaii Press (2007)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Japanese Grammar (2nd Ed.)Japanese Grammar (2nd Ed.)
by , editors Barron’s Educational Series (2001)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com, Kindle - Amazon.com Kindle - Amazon.com]

¡Japonés Desde Cero!¡Japonés Desde Cero!
by , editors YesJapan Corporation (2013)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Vocabulario español-japonés - 7000 palabras más usadasVocabulario español-japonés - 7000 palabras más usadas
by , editors T&P Books (2013)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com, Kindle - Amazon.com Kindle - Amazon.com]

Nihongo. Kyokasho 1. Japonés para hispanohablantes.Nihongo. Kyokasho 1. Japonés para hispanohablantes.
by , editors Herder (2000)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

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