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Counting in Central Tarahumara

Enter a number and get it written in full in Central Tarahumara.

Language overview

The Central Tarahumara language (Rarámuri) is a Mexican indigenous language of the Uto-Aztecan language family, spoken in the Mexican state of Chihuahua, and more precisely in Southwestern Chihuahua, by about 55,000 people, the Tarahumara.
Due to lack of data, we can only count accurately up to 100 in Central Tarahumara. Please contact us if you can help us counting up from that limit.

Central Tarahumara numbering rules

  • Numbers from one to nine are specific words, namely biré [1], ocuá [2], biquiyá [3], nahuosa [4], marí [5], usani [6], quicháo [7], osá nahuó [8], and químacoy [9] (meaning ten minus one).
  • Tens are formed by putting the multiplier digit before the word for ten, except for ten, twenty and thirty: macoy [10], osá macoy [20] (meaning second ten), baisá macoy [30] (third ten), nahuosa macoy [40], marisa macoy [50], usansa macoy [60], quicháosa macoy [70], osá nahuosa macoy [80], and que macoisa macoy [90] (tenth ten, minus ten).
  • In compound numerals, the ten is put first, then the word miná (meaning plus), then the digit (e.g.: macoy miná biré [11], osá macoy miná usani [26]).
  • One hundred is biré ciento (from the Spanish ciento, hundred), and one thousand is biré mil (from the Spanish mil, thousand).

Books

Primal Awareness: A True Story of Survival, Transformation, and Awakening with the Rarámuri Shamans of MexicoPrimal Awareness: A True Story of Survival, Transformation, and Awakening with the Rarámuri Shamans of Mexico
by , editors Inner Traditions (1998)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Tarahumara: Where Night is the Day of the MoonTarahumara: Where Night is the Day of the Moon
by , editors University of Arizona Press (1997)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

México: viaje al país de los tarahumarasMéxico: viaje al país de los tarahumaras
by , editors Fondo de Cultura Economica USA (1984)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Mexique, au pays des TarahumaraMexique, au pays des Tarahumara
by , editors L’Harmattan (1988)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Numbers list

1 – biré
2 – ocuá
3 – biquiyá
4 – nahuosa
5 – marí
6 – usani
7 – quicháo
8 – osá nahuó
9 – químacoy
10 – macoy
11 – macoy miná biré
12 – macoy miná ocuá
13 – macoy miná biquiyá
14 – macoy miná nahuosa
15 – macoy miná marí
16 – macoy miná usani
17 – macoy miná quicháo
18 – macoy miná osá nahuó
19 – macoy miná químacoy
20 – osá macoy
30 – baisá macoy
40 – nahuosa macoy
50 – marisa macoy
60 – usansa macoy
70 – quicháosa macoy
80 – osá nahuosa macoy
90 – que macoisa macoy
100 – biré ciento
1,000 – biré mil

Sources

Uto-Aztecan languages

Central Tarahumara, Hopi, and Timbisha.

Other supported languages

Supported languages by families
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