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Counting in Castithan

Language overview

Forty-two in Castithan The Castithan language (Kastíthanu) has been designed by David J. Peterson for the Syfy TV series Defiance, aired from April 2013. He also developed the Indojisnen, the Irathient and the Kinuk’aaz languages for the same series, and is already known for the Dothraki language of Game of Thrones. Spoken by the Castithan people, one of the Votan races, it is predominantly head-final (like German, or Japanese, as opposed to English or Irathient), lightly inflectional and tending towards isolating. Its numeral system is vigesimal, and its writing system, the fajizwalino, which means “revered characters”, is complex and irregular.

Castithan numbers list

  • 120 – ave
  • 220 – kama
  • 320 – dune
  • 420 – sure
  • 520 – jale
  • 620 – vyengga
  • 720 – woga
  • 820 – stala
  • 920 – ime
  • A20 – china
  • B20 – adho
  • C20 – zhena
  • D20 – meno
  • E20 – shebo
  • F20 – piro
  • G20 – gava
  • H20 – gamba
  • I20 – hapa
  • J20 – umo
  • 1020 – suda
  • 2020 – kamasta
  • 3020 – dunista
  • 4020 – surista
  • 5020 – jalista
  • 6020 – vyenggasta
  • 7020 – wogasta
  • 8020 – stalasta
  • 9020 – imista
  • 10020 – chinasta
  • 11020 – adhosta
  • 12020 – zhenasta
  • 13020 – menosta
  • 14020 – shebosta
  • 15020 – pirosta
  • 16020 – gavasta
  • 17020 – gambasta
  • 18020 – hapasta
  • 19020 – umosta

The vigesimal system

The Castithan language follows a vigesimal numeral system, which is a base 20 system. To better understand this numeral system, let’s start with a more familiar one: the decimal system. In the decimal system (or base-10), we have ten digits, from zero to nine. When we add 1 (one) to 9 (nine), we get 10 (ten), or the unit 1 (one) followed by 0 (zero). This system is positional (the digits represent the units, and their rank the matching power of ten). Thus, 132 decomposes in 100 + 30 + 2 = 1*102 + 3 *101 + 2 *100. This system is also known as a positional decimal numeral system.
Base-20 uses digits from 0 to 19. Its first ten is twenty in decimal (2010 = 1020), the base is noted in subscript. The decomposition of a vigesimal number (in a positional system) is the same as the one of a decimal number, only the base changes: (132)20 = 1*202 + 3 *201 + 2 *200. If we carry it out, we get the matching decimal number, here 461.

Castithan numerals

0
020
1
120
2
220
3
320
4
420
5
520
6
620
7
720
8
820
9
920
10
1020
11
1120
12
1220
13
1320
14
1420
15
1520
16
1620
17
1720
18
1820
19
1920

Castithan numbering rules

  • The Castithan digits from zero to nineteen (or nine in base 20) are: kanu [010], ave [110], kama [210], dune [310], sure [410], jale [510], vyengga [610], woga [710], stala [810], ime [910], china [1010], adho [1110], zhena [1210], meno [1310], shebo [1410], piro [1510], gava [1610], gamba [1710], hapa [1810], and umo [1910].
  • The Castithan tens are formed by adding the suffix -asta to the multiplier digit, except for ten: suda [1020/2010], kamasta [2020/4010], dunista [3020/6010], surista [4020/7010], jalista [5020/8010], vyenggasta [6020/10010], wogasta [7020/12010], stalasta [8020/14010], imista [9020/16010], chinasta [10020/18010], adhosta [11020/20010], zhenasta [12020/22010], menosta [13020/24010], shebosta [14020/26010], pirosta [15020/28010], gavasta [16020/30010], gambasta [17020/32010], hapasta [18020/34010], and umosta [19020/36010].
  • The compound numbers are formed by putting the unit after the ten, separated a space (exp.: suda ave [2110], suda dune [2310]).

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Defiance languages

Castithan, Indojisnen, Irathient, and Kinuk’aaz.

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