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Counting in Basque

Language overview

Forty-two in Basque Basque (euskara) is an isolate language, i.e. with no demonstrable genealogical relationship with other languages. Official in the Basque country and the autonomous community of Navarre in Spain, it is also in use in the French part of the Basque country. It counts about 750,000 speakers for whom it is their mother tongue.

Basque numbers list

  • 1 – bat
  • 2 – bi
  • 3 – hiru
  • 4 – lau
  • 5 – bost
  • 6 – sei
  • 7 – zazpi
  • 8 – zortzi
  • 9 – bederatzi
  • 10 – hamar
  • 11 – hamaika
  • 12 – hamabi
  • 13 – hamahiru
  • 14 – hamalau
  • 15 – hamabost
  • 16 – hamasei
  • 17 – hamazazpi
  • 18 – hemezortzi
  • 19 – hemeretzi
  • 20 – hogei
  • 30 – hogeita hamar
  • 40 – berrogei
  • 50 – berrogeita hamar
  • 60 – hirurogei
  • 70 – hirurogeita hamar
  • 80 – laurogei
  • 90 – laurogeita hamar
  • 100 – ehun
  • 1,000 – mila
  • one million – bat milioi
  • one billion – bat miliar

Basque numbering rules

  • Digits from zero to ten are specific words, namely zero [0], bat [1], bi [2], hiru [3], lau [4], bost [5], sei [6], zazpi [7], zortzi [8], and bederatzi [9].
  • The Basque tens follow a vigesimal system. Thus we find alternatingly the word for ten (hamar) and multiples of twenty (hogei): hamar [10], hogei [20], hogeita hamar [30] (20 and 10), berrogei [40] (2 times 20), berrogeita hamar [50] (2 times 20 and 10), hirurogei [60] (3 times 20), hirurogeita hamar [70] (3 times 20 and 10), laurogei [80] (4 times 20), and laurogeita hamar [90] (4 times 20 and 10).
  • Numbers from eleven to nineteen are formed prefixing the unit digit with the root of the word for ten (hama(r)), with some exceptions: hamaika [11] (exception), hamabi [12], hamahiru [13], hamalau [14], hamabost [15], hamasei [16], hamazazpi [17], hamazortzi (or hemezortzi) [18], and hemeretzi [19] (phonetic contraction).
  • Compound numbers beyond nineteen are formed starting with the ten to which we add like a suffix the conjunction (e)ta (and), then the unit digit separated with a space (e.g.: berrogeita bat [41], hirurogeita zortzi [68]). Attention however to the compound numbers based on tens which are not multiples of twenty: they are formed composing the unit digit with the additional ten (e.g.: hogeita hamalau [34], or 20 and 14, berrogeita hamabost [55], or 40 and 15).
  • Hundreds are formed prefixing the word for hundred (ehun) by the multiplier digit, except for one hundred: ehun [100], berrehun [200], hirurehun [300], lauehun [400], bostehun [500], seiehun [600], zazpiehun [700], zortziehun [800], and bederatziehun [900].
  • Thousands are formed starting with the multiplier digit, then the word for thousand (mila) separated with a space, with the exception of one thousand: mila [1,000], bi mila [2,000], hiru mila [3,000], lau mila [4,000], bost mila [5,000], sei mila [6,000], zazpi mila [7,000], zortzi mila [8,000], and bederatzi mila [9,000].
  • The word for million is milioi, and the word for billion, miliar.

Write a number in full in Basque

Enter a number and get it written in full in Basque.

Books

Iniciación al EuskaraIniciación al Euskara
editors Assimil (2005)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Parlons euskara : la langue des basquesParlons euskara : la langue des basques
by , editors L’Harmattan (1995)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com]

Le basque pour les nulsLe basque pour les nuls
by , editors First (2009)
[Amazon.com Amazon.com, Kindle - Amazon.com Kindle - Amazon.com]

Isolate languages

Basque, and Haida.

Other supported languages

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